Loyalty Security Program’s views towards Communists McCarthyism was a political movement that made accusations against Communists, named after Senator Joseph McCarthy. This era was during post-World War ll from the late 1940’s through the 1950’s. McCarthyism focused on the Communist party which was a threat to the American government. Many other Americans’ were worried about Stalin and the Communist party in Russia. The executive branch of federal government created a Loyalty Security Program which President Harry S. Truman had written as the Executive Order 9835.
Discuss the Impact of the Cold War on Australian Society in the 1950’s and 1960’s During the Cold War Era, Australian society was profoundly affected due to our involvement as a loyal ally to both America and Great Britain. As a result, a fear of communism in and around Australia developed and lead to a lot of tension around the country. As countries in both Europe and Asia were taken over by communist powers, the threat of communism became a genuine fear within Australian society. Many Australians were concerned that with communism spreading rapidly throughout the world, it would not be long before Australia would undergo the same fate. As if to reinforce the fear of communism, two spies working on behalf of the Soviet Embassy were discovered in an event known as the Petrov Affair and reignited the fear of communism which became stronger than ever before.
On February 9, 1950, Senator Joseph McCarthy launched his crusade against "communism" as he saw it. The speech delivered in Wheeling, WV was infamous for its reference to members of Congress who McCarthy accused of being members of the Communist Party. The insinuation was that these men were silent enemies working in favor of the Soviet Union for the downfall of the American government and way of life. In the Wheeling speech, McCarthy played on the Cold War and Red Scare fears (fear of a communist takeover) by asserting that the communist world, particularly the Soviet Union, was in a showdown with the democratic nations led by the United States. He charged that there were 205 communist spies in the state department who were selling out the United States.
McCarthyism and the Red Scare After World War 2, the United States feared that communism will spread throughout the world, even hit the United States. Joseph McCarthy came up with an idea called McCarthyism. McCarthyism is a practice of making false accusations against Americans with ties to communism. During this era many American’s were being accused of being communist. Arthur Miller brought this idea to his own book called The Crucible.
After WWII, the world was captivated by the threat of communism. The fear of communism within Australia was a major political issue during the Era of the Cold War. As a result, the key developments in Australia’s response to the threat of communism consisted of the Forward Defence Policy, signing significant alliance treaties which subsequently included the SEATO and ANZUS treaties, and actively participating in military conflicts, which included the Korean War, the Malayan Emergency and the Vietnam War. However, it can be determined that the Vietnam War was the most controversial and decisive of Australia’s military commitment to counteracting the threat of Communism. The underlying factors which resulted in Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War included the fear of the Domino Theory, the Forward Defence Policy, supporting their loyal ally, the United States, in accordance with the treaties.
The exact accusations were connected to Khrushchev’s mishandling the Cuban Missile Crisis and failure in the agricultural sector of Soviet economy (Hosking, Geoffrey). For these accusations Nikita Khrushchev spent seven years under house arrest. Did the Central Committee propose adequate reasons for the removal of the First Secretary considering the fact that Khrushchev had worked for the development of the SU in a lot of aspects that were not mentioned by his accusers? Khrushchev had indeed put the SU into danger during the Cuban Missile Crisis, but his economical reforms were considerably successful for the country’s economy. Khrushchev shocked the world by delivering his famous speech in 1956 in which he brought down the “cult of the personality” of Stalin.
The world was left in a bipolar power struggle between the two main superpowers, America and the Soviet Union. Stalin, then the leader of the SU wanted to spread communism in order to strengthen the Unions hold on satellite states in Eastern Europe. The US were afraid of the threat of communism, fearful it would spread and cut all ties with their onetime allies. The Soviet Union hardened its attitude towards the West when NATO was formed in 1949 to battle the USSR. One of the major causes of tension was the Berlin blockade which caused an accelerated involvement of the US in Europe.
When the sins of the Catholic Church are recited (as they so often are) the Inquisition figures prominently. People with no interest in European history know full well that it was led by brutal and fanatical churchmen who tortured, maimed, and killed those who dared question the authority of the Church. The Medieval Inquisition was the institution of the Roman Catholic Church for combating or suppressing heresy. After the Roman Church had consolidated its power in the early Middle Ages, heretics came to be regarded as enemies of society. The crime of heresy is defined as an opinion, disbelief or deliberate denial of an article of truth of the Catholic faith.
One major revelation was that he could not reach power by violence, and must go by the democratic process and enter into the Reichstag. This did not mean that Hitler would stop using violence to gain power however. Hitler's main opposition in the Reichstag were the communists, the communists had many seats in the Reichstag and had links with other smaller parties. The Communist Party's own methods were perhaps more violent than the Nazi's. The Red Fighting Force was an organisation of militant communists who beat people up and forced them to support the communist party.
The word terrorism comes from the French Reign of Terror when Robespierre’s political party targeted government rivals, murdering them with the guillotine. Terrorism has also been used in Soviet Union Revolution led by Lenin and then Stalin, controlling the entire population by instilling fear into the Russian people. From the Irish Rebellion to the Middle East, terrorism is a way to gain power by injecting horror to society, usually a public event. There are different types of terrorism: anarchist, state-sponsored, right wing, left wing, religious, and nationalist. Anarchist terrorism uses violence directed towards structured governments and advocates a stateless society.