There were many factors that helped the growth of The British Empire such as early settlers and trading companies, however the Navigation Acts rapidly accelerated the success of the trading companies therefore expanding The British Empire. The Navigation Acts were a set of laws that kept trade in the hands of the British; this gave them ultimate power over most trade and gained them a lot of wealth and thus success. Government and war played a significant role in the growth of the British Empire which gave them more power such as the EIC winning a number of sea battles against the Dutch which granted another firmum which gave the company more effective trading. Trading companies helped the growth of the British Empire, as without these, there would have been no income, meaning Britain couldn’t gain more land and secure more footholds. The trading companies played a significant role in triggering the Navigation Acts, but it was the acts themselves that put trade in the hands of the British.
Nikita Khrushchev fact file Born: 17 April 1894 Died: 11 September 1971 Birthplace: Kalinovka, Kursk, Russia Education: Industrial academy (Moscow) Best known as: Leader of the USSR, 1956-64 Born a Ukrainian peasant, Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev joined the Communist party in 1918 and in four decades rose through the ranks to become the leader of all the Soviet Union. Nikita Khrushchev first became a member of the party's central committee in 1934. He had a close connection to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and after Stalin's death in 1953 Khrushchev emerged as the new leader. He began to reform Stalin's most brutal excesses, and when he denounced some crimes of Stalin in 1956 it was regarded as a stunning development. Nikita Khrushchev also attempted to ease relations with the United States; in 1959 he toured the U.S. and met with President Dwight Eisenhower.
Some believe the Tsar lacked integrity, others say Alexandra and Rasputin were to blame; still others blame the dismantling of the Duma and the harsh rule of the government. Mutual distrust existing between great powers meant The Hague convention was among the first formal statements of the laws of war. On November 1 1894 Alexander III died suddenly from Nephritis. An unprepared naive Nicholas II took power. A bewildered Nicholas beseeched his brother-in-law Grand Duke Alexander, "What am I going to do?
History Essay – Russia To what extent did Witte achieve economic modernisation in Russia? Russia saw a lot of changes in the years 1881-1903. A lot of these were due to Witte. The Russian empire wasn’t strong as it seemed and it was certainly not modern. Witte tried to change this with a series of projects, to help the economy and industry of Russia.
The Romanov dynasty ruled from 1613-1917. By the beginning of the 20th century the Russian empire bordered Turkey, Persia, Afghanistan, Mongolia and China. Poland, the Baltic States and Finland were Russian territories. More than a hundred nationalities owed allegiance to Nicholas II, “Tsar of All the Russias”, who ruled from 1894-1917. Yet in less than nine months, from February to October 1917, the centuries old Tsarist autocracy was swept away in a series of revolutionary disturbances.
She was despised by the Russian people because of the way she advised her husband on government matters and because of her devotion to Rasputin who ‘cured‘ her son of haemophilia. Alexandra was a strong woman and she easily influenced the Tsar. Richard Pipes once wrote, “without her influence, Nicholas might have yielded to public pressure and agreed to play the role of a ceremonial monarch, which could have avoided the
He rose in command at a very short period leading to his brother’s jealousy. Hongwu also conquered many dynasties before rising to become emperor. Both Taizong and Hongwu did not choose the successors they initially preferred. Taizong who had preferred his eldest son Li Chengqian had to resort to choosing his ninth son Li Zhi after Li Chengqian planned to kill his younger brother Li Tai after suspecting that his father was to choose him for succession (Rossabi). Hongwu had initially planned his successor to be Prince Biao, his eldest son.
Sergie Witte's aims included creating a bigger business class as that is what was driving other countries forward such as Britain and Germany. Witte felt that if he could increase the Russian economy’s working class and the same would happen for them. He tried to fulfil this aim by industrialising cities with factories so that the business class would grow, however the working class therefore also grew resulting in a massive growth in population and so living and working conditions decreased in quality. Although Witte's system was somewhat working, there were many problems which allowed revolution to evolve and grow stronger in the minds of the lower class. Another aim of Witte was to free the serfs.
This was all thanks to Russia’s finance minister Sergei Witte. He tried to bring Russia’s economy up to the standards with the rest of Europe as they were seen as backwards compared to other countries. The best way he saw this was through industrialization. This is because the market was heavily controlled by the state and the development of heavy industry allowed for a fast catch-up, rapidly covering the 'gap' that existed in the country's economy. Besides all this such industrialization improved the overall military capability of Russia.
Following is revolution and independence the elected the first president Václev Havel, and joined NATO in 1999. The Czech Republic is a pluralist multi-party parliamentary representative democracy. The Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka is the head of government & The President Václev Havel a formal head of state with limited powers that include: Be the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces Appoint and recalls heads of diplomatic missions Call elections to the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate Prague, The Jewel of Czech Republic. Appoint and promote generals Appoint judges Page |1 The Constitution of the Czech Republic is divided into a preamble and 8 chapters. Much like the US constitution, the Czech constitution divides the government in to three branches: Legislative – Cabinet Judicial-Constitutional court Executive- President Most recently, the constitution was amended to assimilate the country in to the EU and provide for election of the president by popular vote.