The constitution created a more stabilzed federal government and giving rights and power to the central government. Congress had some weaknessess in the Articles of confederation that consisted of having no power to coin money, therefore each stay had to develop its own currency. Another weakness was that congress was unable to negotiate their interstate and foreign commerce. Some of the steates had refused topay for the goods that they had purchased from abroad. More weaknessed were that congress was unable to impose taxes.
Under the Articles of Confederation its powers included conducting foreign relations, settling disputes between states, controlling market values, regulating trade and so on. It purposely did not give the national government all the power in fear of tyranny like in Britain. Economically and Socially, although the United States desired an effective government, they comprised an ineffective government because there was no president, the U.S. wasn’t able to pass taxes and laws, it had no army to protest the nation, it had a weak government, and it had no courts to settle problems between states. So in the end, the Articles of Confederation proved to be both inadequate in economic conditions, foreign relations and other aspects. Thus, these political, economic and social factors all contributed to the reasons why the Articles of Confederation couldn’t provide an effective form of government.
Marbury doesn’t get the commission. In a unanimous decision, written by Justice Marshall, the Court stated that Marbury, indeed, had a right to his commission. But, more importantly, the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional. In Marshall's opinion, Congress could not give the Supreme Court the power to issue an order granting Marbury his commission. Only the Constitution could, and the document said nothing about the Supreme Court having the power to issue such an order.
Therefore, people no longer had to worry about changing the currency when crossing into other states. Another problem with the Articles of Confederation was that it allowed each individual state to have its own militia. This was a problem because each army was small and run by different people, and the states did not have sufficient funds to arm their men adequately. The Constitution corrected this failure by raising and supporting armies, providing and maintaining a navy, and designating the President of the United States as the commander in Chief of the Armed Forces. The Federal Government now has the right to organize, arm, and discipline the militia.
They did this to “modify and address the failures of the Articles of Confederation” (Callahan 34). Although there were many weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation and they might not have provided the most effective form of government, the articles helped lay the foundation for the new government of America that we have today. The central government was too weak to govern, with no chief executive, no national court system, no power to regulate interstate commerce, no military, no national currency, and it was difficult to pass laws. According to Callahan, the Founding Fathers believed the Articles needed to be replaced by the U.S. Constitution because they needed the nation to function as one united country and not as thirteen small and unorganized nations. The Articles of Confederation was just a start to what made our nation how it is
THESIS : Because of its lack of stability , good decision making , and inflexibility of an amendment regarding the states during the years 1781-1789 , the Articles of Confederation , did a poor job in insuring the security of the United States' economy The Articles of Confederation did a poor job in insuring the security of the United States economy. In a letter from the Rhode Island assembly to the members of Congress , they expressed their disagreement regarding the recommendation for taxes on imported goods , which could ulitimatley damage their economy, With the Articles , Congress had no power to regulate commerce , which left states free to establish conflictiong laws regarding tariffs and navigation. Another crippling handicap to Congress was the fact that they also could not enforce its tax-collection program. Despite their attempts for asking the states to contribute theri share , Congress failed to ever meet its quota. During the time period of the Articles of Confederation , Congress lacked much power and was never capable of contributing the money to get the United States out of their war debt.
As a result, no counterbalance of executive or judicial power existed at the national level, and the Articles of Confederation, drafted with the intent of limiting the power of central government, created one without adequate power to govern effectively. Though the government did have certain powers, such as declaring war, entering into treaties, and obtaining and controlling the development of western territories, its weaknesses outweighed its strengths. The most notable shortcomings of the federal government during this period were its inefficient decision-making process and its inability to regulate trade or levy taxes. The Articles of Confederation began the trend of discordant colonies hampering forward movement in government with the ratification process itself. Requiring unanimous acceptance, ratification could be foiled by one state’s refusal.
He also argued that the structure of Puritanism is very closely related to the structure of a democracy. He explains that Puritan churches were formed with the consent of the people, instead of the consent of a leader figure at the top of a hierarchy like Catholicism. The idea of receiving consent of the people was diffused into the social contracts the Pilgrims used when they came to America. Receiving the “consent of the governed” was something unheard of at the time of America’s formation. The consent of the governed means that the government cannot do anything without obtaining permission from its people.
They knew the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation; as a governing body, it lacked legislative power that was necessary to support a functional democracy. The important factor in the Constitutional Convention of the seventeenth century was powerless America. The United States was incapable of competing in the global economic because of lack of power to enforce laws and decrees in the states. They understood that a national government would definitely limit the power of total democracy. Without a strong central government, democracy was impossible thus America was propelling towards the gallows of failure.
The seeds were sown in 1787 at the Philadelphia (Constitutional) Convention and the politics of the early years of the USA (recognizing that the USA was conceived in 1783 and born in 1789) were centered frequently around issues concerning the power and authority of the central government. The Shenanigans of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson almost tore the union apart. It took the constitutionally wrong, legally incorrect, unethical, corrupt, intellectually fraudulent decision of John Marshall in Marbury v Madison to bring the ruling elite to its senses and stop the foolishness. Of course, Marshall also made the biggest power grab in US constitutional history lied and said he had no authority to act. The "nation" was on the verge of "civil war" almost constantly in the early