Statistic shows that those babies born to heavy smoker average weight half a pound less than baby of non-smokers. Also evidence suggest that smoking may increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome and other problems like lower IQ, hearing deficits, asthma, respiratory infection, and cancer. Most of pregnant women carrion smoking after giving birth so they expose their children to teratogens before and after they are born. ( Siegler et
How does a pregnant mother who smokes effect the baby? Babies exposed to the harmful chemicals in cigarettes while in their mother’s womb could have a number of health issues. One of which is stunted growth. A mother who smokes a pack a day could shed over half a pound of the baby’s weight at birth. A mother who smokes two packs a day could take over a pound and a half off the baby’s weight at birth.
It has a big impact on their health. For example it causes serious risks to respiratory health both in the short and long term. People who smoke are two to six times more susceptible to coughs and increased phlegm, wheeziness and shortness of breath than those who do not smoke. Smoking impairs lung growth and initiates premature lung function decline which may lead to an increased risk of chronic obstructive lung disease later in life. The earlier children become regular smokers and persist in the habit as adults, the greater the risk of developing lung cancer or heart disease.
September 5, 1999 ). Nicotine is also noticeable in breast milk and mothers that are exposed to smoke also causing critical effects to the fetus. Low birth weight is increased by 26% for every five cigaretts smoked per day so it is prevalent that the risk and magnitude of low birth weight is related to the number of cigaretts smoked on a daily basis. The Low-weight babies can be expected to have severe health problems that are short term and long term such as breathing disorders, bronchitis and ear infections especially in the first two years
Each substance can cause severe and permanent damage to children before and even after birth. Researchers have found that these substances can cause low birth weight, premature delivery, fetal alcohol syndrome, mental retardation, learning disabilities, stillbirth, miscarriages, and under developed limbs. Many babies born to mothers that have abused alcohol and drugs while pregnant are born addicted to the substance and go through withdrawal symptoms after being born. Some women are able to quit using these substances when becoming pregnant but many women are not and need professional help to quit. Pregnant women face many barriers when trying to get help for their substance abuse problems.
Smoking can also damage your baby's lungs. Women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to have: •An ectopic pregnancy •Vaginal bleeding •Placental abruption (placenta peels away, partially or almost completely, from the uterine wall before delivery) •Placenta previa (a low-lying placenta that covers part or all of the opening of the uterus) •A stillbirth Babies born to women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to be born: •With birth defects such as cleft lip or palate •Prematurely •At low birthweight •Underweight for the number of weeks of pregnancy Babies born prematurely and at low birthweight are at risk of other serious health problems, including lifelong disabilities (such as cerebral palsy, intellectual disabilities and learning problems), and in some cases, death. Secondhand smoke Breathing in someone else's smoke is also harmful. Secondhand smoke during pregnancy can cause a baby to be born at low birthweight. Secondhand smoke is also dangerous to young children.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or SIDS, is the third leading cause of death in babies (U.S. Department of Heath and Human Services). More babies die in a year of SIDS than cancer, leukemia, heart disease, cystic fibrosis, and child abuse combined (“Sudden Infant Death”). But what is SIDS? The definition is the death of an infant within its first year that cannot be explained after an autopsy, an investigation of the place where the baby died, and a review of the baby's and its family's medical history. But what truly causes it is a mystery that leaves scientists and doctors with just guesses and tests to do.
Although in Indiana the birth rate for teens decreased from 49.1 in 2000 to 43.2 in 2005, the rates are again on the rise at 45.2, close to the same rates from the 2001 levels (Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents Support Services (PPASS) Program Needs Assessment, 2011). Teen pregnancy must be addressed because of the increased risk of health, and social and emotional problems these pregnancies have on the partner, and families involved. According to the March of Dimes, a baby born to a teenage Mother has a higher risk for premature birth along with low birth weight. In 2006, teens between the age of 15 and 19 had 10% low-birth weight to their infants compared to all women of 8.3 % (March of Dimes, 2009). A teenager mother is also at risk for anemia and high blood pressure and the risks are even higher for teens under 15.
Working with babies from birth to 12 months The main factors that affect the health and development of babies in there first year are smoking, alcohol, drugs, quality of care and love, stimulation, nutrition, infections, medical conditions and genetic factors. Smoking restricts the amount of oxygen they receive in the worm and it affects their growth and development. When woman smoke during pregnancy their unborn baby is at risk of a low birth weight. Prematurity is a risk as the baby would find it difficult to develop and the woman would give birth before 38 weeks. Other related effects that include a higher incidence of cot death and asthma.
There are about 20 million people currently infected with HPV. Women have an 80 percent chance of developing HPV by the time they are 50. HPV is most common in people in their late teens and early 20s. The vaccine is a preventative and they advise you get the shot before encountering in sexual activity. About 11,000 women will be diagnosed with cervical cancer and 3600 will die.