Behavioural and Evolutionary theories of attachment in Psychology are two opposing ideas about the ways in which a child attaches to it's primary caregiver. In this essay I will demonstrate the differences between the two theories and use case studies to provide evidence for both the Behavioural and Evolutionary theories. The Evolutionary theory supports the Nature side of the argument, which basically suggests that attachment is something which is biologically pre-programmed into a child at birth. This means that an infant will emit something which is known as a 'social releaser' (e.g crying, smiling, laughing) because they know an adult will respond. However, the Behavioural theory is part of the Nurture debate, which suggests that attachment is a set of learned behaviours from the environment and is not something that a child is born with.
– these are species-specific behaviours. During the evolution of the human species, it would have been the babies who stayed close to their mothers who would have survived to have children of their own and Bowlby hypothesised that both infants and mothers have evolved a biological need to stay in contact with each other. These attachment behaviours initially function like fixed action patterns and all share the same function. The infant produces innate ‘social releaser’ behaviours such as crying and smiling that stimulate caregiving from adults. The determinant of attachment is not food but care and responsiveness.
We are all born with an inherited need to form attachments and this is to help us survive. He also said that attachments were irreversible- once they were made they could not be broken. * Babies are biologically programmed to form attachments. By doing cute things lie smiling, they form attachments with adults who look after them when they are most vulnerable, helping the baby survive. This is called social releasers.
Although doctors, counselors, and foster care workers try their hardest to protect the children placed in foster care, the damage can and still does occur. After this occurs, the best plan of actions is to treat the child to correct the damage so the child can live a normal emotional life. According to the Society of Child Development, Inc, children at the infant stage of life need to form an emotional bond with a caregiver. That is normally the biological mother. Infants in biologically organize their attachment behaviors around the availability of their caregivers.
He goes further by examining the authenticity of true and false self beings. The proposal of a new civil rights follows through with these two selves toward our own common humanity. Similarly, in “Designing Babies: Fixing Flaws and Pursuing Perfection,” Debora Spar complicates the individual identity of the unborn child through the parents and living child. The authenticity of self in this excerpt is exhibited by the living child and fellow parents. Following suit, in “Whose Culture Is It, Anyway?,” Kwane Appiah focuses on the identities of artists and nations acquiring cultural art.
During this quote Huxley uses imagery to illustrate the manner in which the government carefully breeds babies, as if there playing god. The superior advancement in technology allows the government to carefully monitor and model the children to perform in the way in which they wish. While people are not monitored instantly from birth the rulers of New London in 1984 use technology to monitor the
The ‘Maturation theory’ believes development happens as a sequenced process, also stating that genes help is develop into the person we are meant to be. The environment we reside in only provides support for helping unfold talents. Inherited conditions usually dominate genes which effect behaviour in many ways; this could be inherited from a parent. Genetic influences on behaviour disorder which affect an individual’s behaviour regardless of the environment. Examples how this perspective can be applied in health and social care: If you are working with children or adults with a genetic disorder such as down-syndrome you would need to be aware of the behaviour symptoms which correlate to the disorder.
This makes me wonder why people taught me this without there being any solid background. I believe that it should be done because they should be able to identify them in future in the case of a similar crime to ease the arrest of the criminal. 6.) The gene that causes Dwarfism can now be identified and parents can decide whether or not they want to have a child if it has this disease. Explain why you think this is a good idea or not.
Some children are spies and can grow up to be a part of the Junior anti-sex league as well, where they monitor things to make sure that everyone keeps in accordance with the laws and understandings. In Brave New World, however, this issue is addressed differently. Sex is not used for reproduction because all children are genetically engineered in test tubes in a lab. The use of sex is purely to relieve urges. Contrary to the
This is evident in the text when Katharine justifies the sexual relationship between her and Winston as two names. “[Katharine] had two names for it. One was making a baby, and the other was our duty to party.” (Orwell 70). This justification is abnormal and it covers the truth that sexuality is buried in human nature. On the other hand, in today’s society, this fact is recognized and it is evident when Ontario government plans to update sex education program in elementary school so that kids can have the right idea and not be led astray by distortions of