Our mind can drift from an alert state into a different level of consciousness when we do something in automatic mode for example, walking, driving and daydreaming. The notable difference between these hypnotic-like trances and clinical hypnosis are specific motivation or suggestions to receive a desired result. In this essay I will explore the psychological and physical aspects of clinical hypnosis and discuss the relationship between hypnotherapy and relaxation. Psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis Hypnosis is often still seen as something mysterious and this is probably due to the fact that there is debate about what is actually going on in the brain when we’re in a hypnotic state. Some people believe that hypnosis produces and altered state of consciousness, some believe nothing happens at all and others believe that hypnotic subjects are acting to please their hypnotherapist.
In this paper, I will try to provide a concise but clear information about psychodynamic approaches and their theorists in explaining the human nature. The word ‘psychodynamic’ has its meaning in the root word ‘ Psyche’ -a person’s unconscious part and which is also called as ‘soul’. Moreover, it can be said that Psychodynamic theories of personality emphasize the influence of the unconscious mind and childhood experiences on personality. Psychodynamic psychologists see behavior as the result of a compromise between three parts of the psyche or personality; the id, ego, and superego. These three components are the inner force that drive us in our lives.There are many branches of Psychodynamic Psychology but the most significant are: Freudian, Jungian, Adlerian, and also Neo-Freudian branch, which includes Karen Horny(A. Sammons & P. Creagh, 2010).
Rogers’ understanding was that for a person to be truly helped, the important healing factor is the relationship itself. Perhaps it would summarise that point being made to say that, by use of Client Centred techniques, a person can implement his respect for others only so far as that respect is an integral part of his personality and make-up; Consequently the person whose operational
Its use in therapy, typically to recover suppressed memories or to allow modification of behaviour, has been revived but is still controversial.” (Oxford English Dictionary, 2014) This supports the statement that there are both psychological and physical aspects that are recognised as part of the hypnosis process. The psychological element is the responsiveness to suggestion or direction whist in such a hypnotic state. The client is able to access their subconscious mind without the conscious mind checking the statements are correct and therefore during this phase, the client can start to retrain their behaviour without questioning or inhibitions. This has been proven to show benefits when dealing with a wide variety of issues such as stress and anxiety, disorders, weight loss, habit cessation and also as an aesthetic. This process can be used to make a number of different suggestions in the most appropriate style for the issue being addressed.
Discuss the psychodynamic model of abnormality. [12 marks] One of the most difficult tasks for those working within the field of psychology is to define abnormality. However, it is possible to try and define abnormality by using a range of models to help us, the psychodynamic model being one of them. It was Freud who developed the concept of the psychodynamic approach. The idea behind this was to use 'talking therapy' to bring past memories from the unconscious to the conscious.
Needs There are two types of needs that Maslow recognizes. Deficiency needs are essentials for your body. For example food and water and deficiency needs. Growth needs are for wants of having and forming friendships, and feeling good about oneself. For a person to achieve transcendence one must fulfill all of the basic and primary needs first.
Once, those needs are met, we are then able to satisfy the next tier of needs in the pyramid which are psychological needs. These needs include: relationships, friendships, and intimacy. It also includes needs to satisfy our self-esteem with a sense of importance and accomplishment. The very last tier of the pyramid includes our needs for self-fulfillment. This level of the pyramid refers to mastering your full potential.
Upon doing this Maslow set out to identify some of the characteristics that a self-actualized person would have. These where have realistic perceptions and others around them, the world and themselves. The second is that self-actualized people are motivated by personal responsibility and ethics to help others and solve problems for others and the external world. Maslow also stated that self-actualized people would be spontaneous in there thought and behaviour but could also conform to rules. He also made the point that self-actualized people need
Personality theories differ when discussing the role of the conscious and the unconscious and how they affect ones actions and thoughts. I believe both have a role; however, the conscious has a larger role than the other. Freud believed that “our thoughts and memories are repressed in the unconscious” (Schultz & Schultz, 2009, p. 479). Not all thoughts and memories are part of our unconscious because if we continue to think about them, they are in our conscious instead. If the memories are not important or possibly very traumatic, we can repress them into our unconscious until we choose to bring them forward into our conscious thoughts again.
This attention will radiate reassurances for the client. Counsellors are trained to recognize self-defeating behaviours, to help clients learn more effective communication skills and improve the quality of their relationships. Counselling can help people manage stress, one of the very important components in maintaining optimum physical health. When facing the challenge of chronic illness, counselling takes on a further role. Developing new coping strategies, finding alternative ways to accomplish tasks and keep meaning in your life; these help us to live well with the changes such illnesses bring.