Personality Paper Psy 405

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Personality Bonnie Dolan PSY 405 October 22, 2012 Bridget Seeley Personality The belief is that the word personality originally formed from the Latin word persona. Persona refers to the mask that the Roman actors wore while performing in Greek plays. These masks enabled the actors to create a false persona. Another words they were able to pretend to be something that they were not in order to fit into the character that they were performing as (Feist & Feist, p. 3, 2009). Define Personality However, the true definition is not a mask or something fake. In fact, there is no true definition to the word personality. At least not one that the professionals in the field of psychology have ever been able to agree upon. If one…show more content…
This simply means that one’s theory of personality is based on his or her individual personality traits. This is due to the fact that the research a theorist collects to build his or her theory is a personal judgment call. That is that they pick what information to include or not to include in their research. These choices are made based on an individual’s environment, the way they were raised, experiences in life, and relationships they have with those around them (Feist & Feist, p. 7, 2009). There are four main groups of theories with each having a subfield. The first group is the Psychodynamic Theories. This group includes Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory, which, is to transform the unconscious into conscious. Freud’s early technique to obtain this goal was the pressure technique, which included placing pressure on a patients head in order for them to recall repressed memories. This technique later proved to be unreliable. His later therapeutic technique included free association, which involved the patient verbalizing any thoughts that he or she might have regardless of its relevance as well as analyzing an individual’s dreams (Feist & Feist, p. 47-49, 2009). Other theories under Psychodynamic Theories are those listed…show more content…
Included within this group is Maslow’s Holistic- Dynamic Theory. This theory suggests that people become motivated by his or her needs, and that their psychological health has the potential to grow. This process is known as self-actualization. In order to achieve self-actualization a person needs to satisfy a lower need. These lower needs are the basic needs of every individual and they include self-esteem, feeling loved, satisfying ones hunger, and ensure one is safe. After these basic needs are completely satisfied, a person can reach self-actualization (Feist & Feist, p. 275,
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