Scientific Study of Personality Paper Aldonza Gonzalez PSYCH 504/Personality Theories 1/21/13 Tracy Masiello Scientific Study of Personality Paper In defining who we are, there needs to be an understanding of our personality. With different kind of personality types, classifying an individual into a single type of personality can be difficult. Further, individuals have many different types of personality traits like possessed behavior, actions, and attitudes. This paper will explore the definition of personalities from an individual and psychological point of view. Three methods of research in studying personality will be explored that includes case studies, correlational designs, and experimental designs or true experiments.
However, it can be said that personality is a sequence of permanent traits, dispositions, motives, and characteristics within an individual, and these traits shape the person’s behavior.(J. Feist & G. J. Feist, 1998). As was mentioned earlier, different theorists interpret the meaning of personality in variety ways, thus, there exist several approaches to understanding human personality or human nature or soul. Generally, there are psychodynamic, behavioral, and phenomenological theories in psychology of personality. In this paper, I will try to provide a concise but clear information about psychodynamic approaches and their theorists in explaining the human nature.
University of Phoenix Online PSY 405/Dr.Cree February 28, 2011 Dispositional Personality Theories With personalities they take part in an important part of everyday life. From Freud to Horney they have produced diverse theories to assist in explaining the development of personality. Within the paper we will discuss Dispositional theories and, how they influence personalities and interpersonal relationships. We will analyze their strengths and limitations and how they can transform personality and influence our life and how we conduct ourselves. In our matrix we will discuss Allport’s psychology of the individual theory, and the trait and factor theory.
Scientific Study of Personality PSYCH/504 May 20, 2013 University of Phoenix Dr. Melissa Venezia Scientific Study of Personality An individual’s personality defines his or her individual uniqueness and personal identity. Researchers use different methods to understand how personalities are created. Psychologists have their own definition on how personalities are created among individuals. Theories and ongoing research help people to understand why personalities are a crucial part of a person’s well-being. The subject of this paper pertains to the definition of personality, commonly used methods to study personality, and descriptions of each method used in studying personalities.
According to Cervone & Pervin (2010), “Personality psychologist use the term personality to refer to psychological qualities that contribute to an individual’s enduring and distinctive patterns of feeling, thinking, and behaving” (p. 8). An enduring personality means that the characteristics of an individual are consistent in different situations, and distinctive personality means that the characteristics of an individual are different from other people (Cervone & Pervin, 2010, p. 8). Life experiences contribute to our personality changes in temperament, structure and process
There are many different constructions and theories on personality which all have their own strengths and weaknesses and all of which try to offer an explanation to the differences in people’s behaviour. This essay will look at Hans Eysenck’s Trait Theory (1965) which is interested in measuring people’s personality through traits. According to this perspective, traits are stable over time and differ between individuals. We will also look at George Kelly’s Personal Construct Theory (1955.) He believed that people develop constructs as internal ideas of reality to help them understand the world around them and that the way the world is viewed is based on individual experiences, interpretations and observations.
Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Thesis The tenacity of this paper is to clarify and debate the amount to which development needs effects personality creation. Biological issues that sway the establishment of characters, which are themes of discussion along with the dissimilar features of humanistic philosophy, which are recognized to be mismatched with organic clarifications of character. The explanations will be a praise of Maslow’s grading philosophy. A large part of tutoring has an emphasis on understanding the growth of the human character. Corporeal, ethical, socio-emotional verbal and reasoning each of these issues makes up the creation of the individual character.
The case study has been used as a tool for natural and social sciences as well as psychological research. One type of case study is a “psychobiography” which means a researcher utilizes psychological theory to explain the life of an individual, usually an important historical figure. Reasons to Use Case studies can aid as being valuable for informing of conditions that are considered rare or unusual, thus providing unique data about psychological phenomenon like memory, social exchange, or language. Depending on the purpose, a case study may present an individual’s history, symptoms, characteristic behaviors, reactions to situations, or responses to treatment. Case studies are also useful for testing whether scientific theories and models
Behaviors tend to be culturally patterned with childhood experiences influencing personality as an adult and socialization throughout childhood and adulthood shape personality patterns. “It shapes a person’s emotions, thoughts, behaviors, cultural values and norms to fit into function as productive members in the surrounding human society” (Kelly, Scruggs, Lawrence, and Mcghee-Snow, n.d., para.1). Some of the principal concepts of cultures factor on personality are the basic personality structure approach, the configurationally approach, the cultural determinism, Gastalt theory, and the model personality approach. However, these are not all of the theories or approaches in the study of culture and personality. The basic personality structure approach was developed by
Explaining love, responsibility, anxiety and dread, and self-actualization characteristic from the humanistic that I agree, disagree, and why. Maslow's hierarchy of needs to argue the growth needs that affect personality formation. Using Maslow's hierarchy of needs pyramid help explain the growth needs that affect personality formation. Discuss biological factors that influence the formation of personality. Trying to explain how the genes of an individual will affect one's personality.