In this paper we will examine how each theory views personality development, characteristics, and traits. We will look at how each theorist views interpersonal relationships as well as how these theories can and are used in clinical or workplace settings today. Personality Analysis: Allport and Maslow There are many theories associate with the development of personality such as Humanistic, Existential and Individual theories. Each theory attempts to address the components of what makes an individual’s personality the way it is and attempts to use this theory to understand or better predict behavior. In this paper we will examine the ideas of personality development through the views of Abraham Maslow and Gordon Allport.
Through reviewing the relationships that are there between Maslow’s theory and biological factors we will be in a position to see some focused similarities as well as its upcoming. Analyzing some of the main tenets of humanistic theory with some of the biological explanations will help us to be enlightened on different views of every personality theory. Personality is basically defined as the complex of all the attributes which are possessed by individuals and which uniquely defines their temperamental, behavioral, mental and emotional characteristics from the other people (Howard &Miriam, 2008).
Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Thesis The tenacity of this paper is to clarify and debate the amount to which development needs effects personality creation. Biological issues that sway the establishment of characters, which are themes of discussion along with the dissimilar features of humanistic philosophy, which are recognized to be mismatched with organic clarifications of character. The explanations will be a praise of Maslow’s grading philosophy. A large part of tutoring has an emphasis on understanding the growth of the human character. Corporeal, ethical, socio-emotional verbal and reasoning each of these issues makes up the creation of the individual character.
There are many different constructions and theories on personality which all have their own strengths and weaknesses and all of which try to offer an explanation to the differences in people’s behaviour. This essay will look at Hans Eysenck’s Trait Theory (1965) which is interested in measuring people’s personality through traits. According to this perspective, traits are stable over time and differ between individuals. We will also look at George Kelly’s Personal Construct Theory (1955.) He believed that people develop constructs as internal ideas of reality to help them understand the world around them and that the way the world is viewed is based on individual experiences, interpretations and observations.
Human personality is a key concept of individual differences in Psychology. There have been many different approaches to defining personality over the years however there is no accepted meaning although it has various definitions; one particular definition is quite significant: “....the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychological systems that determine his characteristic behaviour and thought” (Allport, 196) Personality theories are developed to discover issues such as why people differ from each other. The main approaches which define personality are psychoanalytical approaches (which are adopted by Freud), learning theories, cognitive theories, the trait approach, biological basis and the humanistic theories of personality. The humanistic theory is a big influence in contributing to the definition of personality. The humanistic theory of personality see’s the individual as unique and it views the world from different perspectives.
Many other experts have contributed to the subject since then, and continue to do so. The ‘psychological contract’ was defined by Professor David Guest as ‘the perceptions of the two parties, employee and employer, of what their mutual obligations are towards each other’ (Guest, DE and Conway, N. 2002). Theorists created various models in an attempt to help explain the many aspects which make up and that can affect the ‘psychological contract’. These models include, ‘The Components of The Psychological Contract’ (Guest D. and Conway N 2004.) and the ‘Psychological Contracts Iceberg Model’ (Chapman, A 2010).
However, their fellow psychologist, Eysenck, Allport, Oddbert, and Cattell had a hand in helping bring about one of the more prominent models. The Five Factor Theory Model Personality and Factor Analysis Since the beginning of civilisation people have been trying to figure out a precise defination of personality. According the the dictionary personality means, The combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual's distinctive character. According to Atkinson it means "the distinctive and charactersitc pattersn of thought, emotion, and hehavior that define and indivudal's personal style and influence his or her interactions with the envireonment" (atkinson, atkinson, Smith & Bem, 1993: 525) Pscyologist studiying personality have two different areas to work within. The first finding traits that are different in their subjects, the second involves "synthesising the psychological process of human
As a result there are a variety of theories of personality which try to describe the cause and effect of the human personality. This essay will briefly compare and contrast two of these theories which include the psychoanalytic and humanistic theories of personality. It is important to have an in-depth understanding of the various types of theories with respect to personality because such a discourse enables psychologists to discover more about social behaviours in daily life (Fiske et al, 2010; 365). Both theoretical viewpoints, while being substantially different from each other, do share some common comparisons as we shall examine below. Psychoanalytical theories of personality stress the individual’s unconscious motivations which can be identified through dreams, slips of the tongue and fantasies (McCrae & Costa, 2003; 21).
42.). Humans have an intrinsic desire to predict things; and to effectively interact with our world we must expect certain things to happen based upon the physical and social interactions we encounter. The construct of personality is the observed regularities in cognitive, affective and behavioural responses in various settings. Variation in a construct such as personality causes individual differences in response to real life experiences. In this essay, we look at whether the construct of personality is a realistic idea and whether personality traits truly exist as it is difficult to measure a theoretical concept accurately.
Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment TaWonnia Jackson PSY250 September 6, 2012 Loretta Harris Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment The following statements discussed will analyze the components of the psychoanalytic approach to personality. The theories of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Alfred Adler are compared and contrasted by research found. There will be characteristics of two theories along with descriptions of the stages to Freud’s theory, and characteristics along with Freudian's defense mechanisms. Each theorist’s had their own unique way of developing their very own theory. Sigmund Freud's theory is the psychoanalytic theory unique to a certain point and which it has developed formal models describing the ways in which individuals process information on different levels (Bornstein, 2010).