Personality Essay

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Final Integrative Paper Personality was one of my first classes as a Graduate student and I enjoyed it thoroughly. This class was essential and beneficial for me to become a successful counselor. This course also took me on a journey that helped me in an active and meaningful way to develop my own personal theory about the concept of self-efficacy that lies at the center of Albert Bandura’s self-cognitive theory that will impact the counseling services I will be providing related to Marriage and Family Counseling. Self-efficacy stood out to me in this course because Bandura’s theory emphasizes the role of observational learning, social experience, and reciprocal determinism in the development of personality. According to Bandura, self-efficacy is “the belief in one’s capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to manage prospective situations” (Bandura, 1995). In other words, self-efficacy is a person’s belief in his or her ability to succeed in a particular situation. Bandura described these beliefs as determinants of how people think, behave, and feel (Bandura, 1994). The four major sources of self-efficacy are mastery experiences, social modeling, social persuasion, and psychological responses. Bandura explains, “The most effective way of developing a strong sense of efficacy is through mastery experiences” (Bandura, 1994). By performing a task successfully it strengthens our sense of self-efficacy. However, failing to adequately deal with a task or challenge can undermine and weaken self-efficacy. Witnessing other people successfully completing a task is another important source of self-efficacy. According to Bandura, “seeing people similar to oneself succeed by sustained effort raises observers beliefs they too possess the capabilities master comparable activities to succeed” (Bandura, 1994). Bandura asserts

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