Personal Leadership Philosophy Essay

977 WordsApr 29, 20134 Pages
Prolific and sustained research into the field of leadership over the past six decades has produced a considerable range of theories, ideas, models and paradigms with no small amount of debate surrounding the relative merits of each approach. According to Hunt, states that, “The development of leadership theory alone has been both continuous and rapid over this period (Bass, 1997; Judge, Bono, lies and Gerhardt, 2002; Bono and Judge, 2004). A review of the literature reveals no less than five major approaches to the study of leadership since the 1930s, ranging from the relative complexity of situational and contingency approaches to leadership in which a number of variables are considered simultaneously, to the comparative simplicity of early trait theories which aimed to predict leader emergence by identifying specific characteristics or personality traits (DuBrin, Dalglish and Miller, 2006). Between these two extremes lies a vast body of studies which view leadership in functional, behavioural or stylistic terms.” Functional approaches to leadership studies have concentrated efforts on identifying the roles and functions required of individuals in positions of leadership (eg: Kotier, 1990; Miles, 1959). Behavioral approaches have explored the variety of manifest leader behaviors, and leadership-styles approaches have focused on the range of ways in which leaders relate to subordinates and approach tasks. The common tendency among many of these studies has been to concentrate the investigation on two important variables popularized by the Ohio State Leadership Studies (Hemphill and Coons, 1957; Shartle, 1960), and the Michigan Studies (Bowers and Seashore, 1966); the concern for production or task-oriented leadership, and the concern for people or employee-centered leadership. This emphasis can be traced back to an important landmark in leadership research by

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