Second the therapist must convey unconditional positive regard for the client, this means that the therapist accepts everything the client say without passing judgment on the client. Clients trust that the therapist will not reject them if they say the wrong thing or if something critical comes out in the course of therapy. The atmosphere is safe for clients to begin exploring their distress. The third condition for the therapeutic progress is empathic understating. The client must feel that the therapist understands him or her.
The therapist needs an attitude of “I’ll accept you as you are.” The therapist must always maintain a positive attitude to the client at all times. Empathy: The ability to understand the other person at a deep level. It involves being able to put yourself in the other person’s position, and understanding them in their own terms, having the ability to understand sensitively and accurately but not
The therapist experiences unconditional positive regard for the client The therapist accepts the person as they are, puts no condition on valuing them, separates the behaviour from the person. When they know they are not being judged, it allows the client to think perhaps they do not have to judge themselves (Rogers, 1975?) 5. The therapist experiences an empathic understanding of the client’s frame of reference and communicates this experience to the client When the client is empathically heard, they get greater understanding of themselves. (Rogers, 1979) 6.
The six core conditions are: * Therapist-client psychological contact * Client vulnerability * Client perception * Unconditional positive regard * Empathic understanding * Therapeutic Congruence or Genuineness With Unconditional positive regard, the counsellor accepts the client unconditionally and is non-judgemental. The client is then free to explore all their feelings and emotions without the fear of being judged or rejected. Empathic understanding refers to the counsellors accurately understanding the thoughts, feelings and meanings the clients has and be able to perceive their world as they perceive it. Congruence is the therapist being genuine and authentic towards the client . The therapist is open and transparent to the client.
It might be used on a client who has an authoritarian role at work but might not feel they are in control of their life at home. A permissive induction is a soft approach and makes the client feel safe, secure and not pressured. It’s not telling them to do something it is letting them feel like they are in control and that they can do it in their own time. A permissive screed is nurturing and also lets the client be imaginative. When using a permissive induction the therapist can use lots of metaphors, and as long as the client feels safe you can be a little authoritative too.
External structure of the eyes shows no abnormalities, both eyes in equal alignment. Pupil size 3mm symmetrically, visual field intact by confrontation; he was able to see at equal temporal field, equal and even eye movement during test for cardinal position of gaze; no convergence insufficiency noted. Cranial nerves 111, IV and V1 intact. Both ears are symmetrically aligned. No tenderness or pain was noted, No drainage, no perforation, no swelling or redness noted of the ear canal, Tympanic membrane is pearly gray, Shinny, translucent, non bulging or retracted.
It is the client who chooses direction and the therapist shares the journey as more of a facilitator than a navigator. Understanding that the client is the agent of both change and healing, the client and the therapist work together to evaluate the progress being made. In order to make this sort of
EVALUATE THE CLAIM THAT PERSON-CENTERED THERAPY OFFERS THE THERAPIST ALL THAT HE/SHE WILL NEED TO TREAT CLIENTS I, Introduction of the Person-Centered Therapy, the characteristics of Carl Rogers' counselling method II, The practice of that and some results III, Its critics IV, My opinion about whether this method offers the therapist all that is needed to treat clients I, What 'Person-Centered Therapy' means Person-Centered Therapy is a humanistic approach of counselling with the concept that clients are the ultimate agents of self-change of their lives. This theory emphasizes the importance of the therapeutic relationship as one built on unconditional positive regard and accurate empathy, focused on uniquely human issues -with a special regard to the present, 'the Here and Now'-, such as the self, self-actualisation, hope, love, meaning, becoming- that is, a concrete understanding of human existence. This psychological method differed from those generally used that time such as behaviorism -Pavlov's conditioned reflex- and psychoanalysis- Freud's psychoanalysis. The 'father' of the Person-Centered Therapy was Carl Rogers (and other psychologists i. e. Abraham Maslow) in America in the middle of the 20th century. He professed that clients (all individual) has the internal resources they need for growth, and they are their own best authority on their own experience , therefore fully capable of fulfilling their own potential for growth.
Additionally, developing self-awareness helps the client to rediscover meaning in life. Some clients will, however, need a more structured therapy than is typical in a humanistic person-centered approach. One of the strengths of using a humanistic/person-centered approach when working with clients is the warmth and caring of the relationship that (hopefully) develops between counsellor and client. The counsellors active listening and full emotional availability will provide them with a healing environment within which they can explore their emotional experiences safely and without judgment. Central to the therapist's role in client-centred therapy is respecting the clients values as well as maintaining a therapeutic nonjudgmental attitude.
If used properly the goal of the therapist will communicate in such a way for client personality change to occur. Over time and treatment the clinician would have an unconditional positive regard for the client. Thus far, building a respect for the client and their concerns should be the center focus of the clinician. The therapist encourages the client to use self exploration and acceptance, and openness to self and others by giving clarification of what the client is saying and reflecting on the feelings of the client. The client will learn to show empathy and warmth toward him self and anyone involved.