Persian Architecture Essay

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Persian Architecture Persian Architecture has over 4000 years recorded history, with numerous examples in Middle East, East Europe, North India, and the borders of China. Traditional Persian buildings vary including residential houses, Bazar, Palace, Public plaza, Gardens with amazing structures and finishes in the world. Persian Architecture displays advance structural, and developed gradually and coherently with traditional architects and transferred to next generations with practical experience. In this architecture, the combination of form, space, function, and construction provides immediacy, while ornament, and precise proportions reward sustained observation. Persian architecture is based on following fundamental characteristics: * Introversion
 * Structure
 * Homogeneous proportions
 * Anthropomorphism * Symmetry and anti-symmetry * Minimalism 
 The contemporary and traditional architecture of the Iranian lands can be categorized into the 3 Groups including 10 styles as follow: 1) Pre-Islamic styles: a) The Pre-Parsi: The "Pre-Parsi" is the first style of architecture in the history of Iranian architecture development. The well-known example of this style is Chogha zanbil (1250 BC). Available building materials dictate major forms in Pre-Parsi architecture. Heavy clays, readily available at various places and encouraged the development of the building with dried clays. This technique used in Iran from ancient times has never been completely abandoned. The abundance of heavy plastic earth, in conjunction with a tenacious lime mortar, also facilitated the development of the brick. b) The Parsi: The "Parsi" is the second style of architecture in the history of Iranian architecture development. The famous examples of this style are Pasargad, and Persepolis (550 BC). Stone and stone carvings have

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