Periodontics Essay

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Periodontics Introduction There are nine dental specialties recognized by the ada: Dental public health, endodontic, oral and maxillofacial pathology, oral and maxillofacial radiology, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics/dentofacial orthopedics, pediatric dentistry, prosthodontics and periodontics. Periodontists are dentists who specialize in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the tissues that surround and support the teeth. They are also involved in the maintenance of the health, function and esthetics of the periodontium. There are four tissues that comprise the periodontium. They are the alveolar bone, cementum , gingiva and the periodontal ligament. Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the periodontal tissues. In the beginning, it manifests as gingivitis, which is a bacterial infection that is confined to the gingival tissues. Without treatment and good oral hygiene, gingivitis can progress into mild, moderate and advanced periodontitis. In the treatment of periodontal disease, essential data is collected. The dentist and the dental hygienist will do patient assessment. The periodontist will arrive at a diagnosis. With the help of the dental hygienist, a treatment plan will be designed for that patient. The patient will be educated to participate in the health of the periodontium and given a maintenance schedule. I. Examination Data Gathering and Assessment Each patient is required to complete a medical and dental history. Information provided in the history may affect the treatment or prognosis of the patient. For example, a patient that smokes is highly likely to have a different outcome after periodontal surgery than that of a non-smoker. Patients who smoke have slower and poorer healing results. It is probable that the periodontist will require cessation of smoking

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