It would stress that he needed to examine what he is feeling and how to use those feelings in a positive way. Psychologists view this type of therapy combined with behavioral therapy as beneficial as you can isolate what is causing the anxiety by examining patient's cognitions and providing ways to alter that behavior into a positive one. The behavioral approach would focus on how negative thoughts were contributing to Jake's anxiety. The behavioral perspective contends that our thoughts affect the way we feel, that our thoughts could more or less contribute to the anxiety such as Jake is feeling. It would examine what would be the best way to modify his behavior.
In addition the social cognitive perspective of George Kelly. His theory of personal constructs will also be briefly outlined. The similarities and differences of each approach will be evaluated to gain an insight into the main premise of these theories that emphasise the subjective view of the individual and what they contribute to an understanding of personality. The essay will conclude in suggesting that these theories offer a better and more useful insight into how people interact with the environment than some other theories, for example trait and psychoanalytic. There are many similarities between Rogers’ and Kelly’s approaches to personality.
Contrast Sigmund Freud’s view of human nature with the view of Abraham Maslow. With which, if either, view do you agree? 4. Altruism refers to behavior that helps others but does not appear to help the person performing the behavior. Describe an example of altruistic behavior, and state how a psychodynamic psychologist might explain the behavior.
In a situation of "threat", humans reacted by the impulses for our defense. Nevertheless, the investigations focused on the understanding of the negative, leaving aside the positive, so if we evaluate without taking into account that framework centered on the negative, two theories appear: “The Broaden-and-Build Theory” and “The Undoing Hypothesis”. The Broaden-and-Build Theory shows us how positive emotions help develop the individual, preparing him for later times to obtain a series of resources for its defense. One of the cases that Barbara shows us is through words. If you teach a group three words that have a
He said we all need conditional positive regard from our parents, and if we did not receive this is can lead to psychological problems in our future. Humanistic psychologists try to understand behaviour from the actor themselves rather than relying on observations. Behaviourists take the phenomenological perspective, this means that they take an objective unbiased view about something, and they go about studies scientifically. The humanistic approach looks at subjective experiences people have and analyse them from their point of view. All humanistic studies are conducted unscientifically.
When we think of the word, “good”, many different ideas may come to mind, depending upon the context in which we consider the word. According to society, the word, “good” may be defined as: to be approved of or desired, or to have higher quality than the average quota. Another definition is to display or possess moral virtue. These are the traditional meanings of the word, “good.” You may have your own opinion, but your opinion may not matter to society. Society develops their own interpretations of the word, depending upon values and morals.
These theories will be applied to a case study of the social housing profession to demonstrate the ideas in practice. Mullins (2010) simplifies motivation into two divisions; extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation manifests itself to be more materialistic in its thinking. For example, a person would go to work seeking rewards such as income; benefits; promotion; and a pleasant working environment. Intrinsic motivation relates to psychological factors such as seeking appreciation or recognition from others; new challenges; a sense of achievement; and to be treated well by others.
Act utilitarianism is based around the principle of utility which is a main part of Bentham’s theory. It also uses the general principle of trying to maximise the amount of pleasure. So when faced with moral decisions act utilitarian’s will decide which action will lead to the greatest good in that situation even if that means you have to tell a lie. Act utilitarianism is flexible and accounts for individual situations. However it could potentially justify anything John Stuart Mill (1806-1871) decided to refine Bentham’s theory of utilitarianism.
Although positivists prefer taking objective social facts into account, it is evident that they are subjective in the source of data they will use, or are bound to use. Interactionalists, on the other hand consider that the reality of social behaviour is to be found when individuals interact and create their own social experiences. They seek meaning, and probe into the beliefs of individuals acting together in groups. Interactionalists use qualitative data. This data deals with the quality of human experience.
They deal with “the how” of motivation. How did a specific process lead to an outcome of motivation? This information is important because it can show how the process may be measured and then replicated. It provides a way to explain how to motivate for change. One theory of motivation Bill Bailey might use is the process theory known as the Expectancy Theory.