Pedestrains Essay

2174 WordsMay 16, 20139 Pages
9 Pedestrian Safety at Intersections Although intersections represent a very small percentage of U.S. surface road mileage, more than one in five pedestrian deaths is the result of a collision with a vehicle at an intersection. Annually, an average of 5,381 pedestrians died in traffic crashes between 1990 and 2002. 1 Overview The Year 2002 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s pedestrian crash facts are as follows: ! 4,808 pedestrians were killed; ! 1,046 pedestrians, or 22 percent, of all pedestrians were killed at intersections; ! 71,000 pedestrians were injured; ! 31,000 pedestrians, or 44 percent, of all pedestrians were injured at intersections; ! A pedestrian is killed or injured in an intersection traffic crash every 16 minutes; ! 13 percent of pedestrian fatalities at intersections occur at night (between the hours of 6:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.); ! Pedestrians involved in crashes are more likely to be killed as vehicle speed increases. The fatality rate for a pedestrian hit by a car at 20 mph is 5 percent. The fatality rate rises to 80 percent when vehicle speed is increased to 40 mph; 2 ! People aged 70 and older account for 17 percent of all pedestrian fatalities; ! People aged 65 and older have about 2.5 as many pedestrian deaths per 100,000 people as younger groups; and ! 36 percent of pedestrian deaths among those aged 65 and older occurred at intersections. This compares to 20 percent for people of other ages. Pedestrian Safety Problems at Intersections Types of hazardous intersections for pedestrian crossings include high-volume, high-speed and multi-lane intersections with complex signal phasing or without any traffic control at all. Pedestrians are at risk even at simple STOP- or YIELD-sign intersections because of the common disregard of traffic control devices by both motorists and pedestrians. Roadways need to be designed to

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