But what truly causes it is a mystery that leaves scientists and doctors with just guesses and tests to do. Some people say that babies die of SIDS just from sleeping wrong. In 1994, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) had a “Back To Sleep” campaign that told parents to always put infants on their backs when sleeping. After that, the rate of SIDS went down by more than 50% (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). Even with that drop in the death rate, SIDS is still responsible for about 3,000 deaths per year (“Sudden Infant Death” 1621).
In 1938, Dr. Henry Turner studied seven young girls in his office, later to diagnose them all with a disease now named after him, Turner’s Syndrome. Such a rare disease, affecting every 1 in 2,500 girls, [as of January 2005], can be diagnosed while the child is still surrounded by amniotic fluid in the womb, but can never be ‘cured’. Turner’s Syndrome, also referred to as XO Syndrome or TS, is a genetic disorder. Since TS is the lack or incompletion of a complete X chromosome, TS is only found in women, and is responsible for 10% of miscarriages. Turner’s Syndrome is a chromosomal error, which can be revealed with a test called a karyotype.
Informative Speech Ella-Louise was just 10 months old when she died 2 years ago from a rare, and terminal genetic disease called Krabbe disease. Krabbe disease is a genetic mutation that damages the nervous system, specifically the growth and maintenance of Myelin, which allows the nervous system to send signals throughout the body. Genetics Home Reference explains, “The symptoms of Krabbe disease usually begin before the age of 1 year. Initial signs and symptoms typically include irritability, muscle weakness, feeding difficulties, episodes of fever without any sign of infection, stiff posture, and slowed mental and physical development. As the disease progresses, muscles continue to weaken, affecting the infant's ability to move, chew, swallow, and breathe.
Folole Muliaga was found to be terminally ill with obesity-related heart and lung disease. She was confined to a home oxygen machine after doctors determined that Mrs. Muliaga needed help breathing after suffering from terminal cardiomyopathy. Folole Muliaga was in the hospital from March of 2002 until May of 2002 for her condition. During her stay in the hospital, Mrs. Muliaga’s electricity bill continued to increase. While Mrs. Muliaga was in the hospital, her husband attempted to make arrangements to payments towards the overdue electric bill.
Then on February 25, 1990 she collapsed and went into full cardiac arrest. She suffered brain damage due to lack of oxygen. A couple of months later after being in a coma the doctors treating her diagnosed her with a vegetative state. One year after the cardiac arrest a board-certified neurologist and an internist and personal family physician to the Schiavo family independently made the diagnosis of PVS (persistent vegetative state). Her husband Michael Schiavo in 1998 petitioned the court to have the feeding tube removed in regards to a state statute.
(Klugman, 2006). Shortly thereafter, doctors performed a series of tests and determined that Mrs. Schiavo was in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) ((ABCNews, 2005, p.1). According to the American Academy of Neurology (1994) PVS is a clinical condition of complete unawareness of self and the environment. A CT scan taken 6 years after the diagnosis found that Mrs. Schiavo’s brain had largely been replaced by cerebrospinal fluid and confirmed that her condition of untreatable (Klugman, 2006). Over the next fifteen years, Terri Schiavo’s husband Michael Schiavo and her parents Bob and Mary Schindler continued to fight over the right to take or keep in the feeding tube that was keeping her alive.
Nutritional Case Study: Chronic Renal Failure Ian, age 28, in the last few months the client has developed end-stage renal disease related to glomerulonephritis. The clients kidneys are not producing enough urine and at times do not produce any urine, which requires the patient to receive hemodialysis three times per week. The client would like to receive a kidney transplant but understands that the wait list is very long. Upon physical examination the client’s skin appears ashen in color, pale conjunctivae, and has an overall wasted appearance. The client’s blood pressure is 162/105, pulse 92 and reparations are 20.
----------------------- BY: KYLE NAVALTA What is it? Alagille syndrome is a genetic disease and an autosomal dominant disorder. Alagille syndrome is associated with abnormalities with the liver, heart, and several different parts of the human body. (1,2,4) ALAGILLE SYNDROME (Autosomal) [pic] Prevalence An estimated popularity of Alagille syndrome is 1 in 70,000 newborns. (4) Stages & Symptoms Alagille syndrome may accommodate symptoms like Liver: Jaundice which is the yellowish staining in the skin and whites of the eyes.
In February 2006, Emily Jerry, a two-year old child was at a Cleveland hospital to complete her last series of chemotherapy treatment. Her doctor ordered intravenous chemotherapy solution that was filled incorrectly by a pharmacy technician. The prescription called for 1% saline; however, a lethal amount of 23% saline was given instead, causing her to slip into a coma resulting in death. Eric Cropp, who was the supervising pharmacist signed off on the technician’s work despite her informing him that the mixture did not look right; nonetheless, he approved it. The pharmacy was so busy that day and short staffed, which led to a preventable fatal error that changed Eric’s whole life in a matter of seconds.
Introduction: Imagine (pause) you get a call and your father has just suffered a heart attack at work and must undergo open-heart surgery in order to repair the damage. Imagine (pause) your sister just had her first baby; but your niece was born with a heart defect that requires daily blood transfusions to have a chance at survival. Imagine (pause) your best friend, the kid you spent every day after school hanging out with has just been diagnosed with leukemia, a disease requiring regular transfusions of platelets. Not very nice images are they, but these things happen. Sadly some of you may have even experienced them already, Casey do you know if you require blood after your accident on the Delaware River?