When increased bombings and military presence failed in Cambodia, Nixon found that peace talks were a way out of the conflict. The Soviet Union and communism were still a huge concern. Nixon and Secretary of State Kissinger, needed to remove the threat of nuclear weapons from the Soviet’s capability. Nixon as well as Kissinger managed to negotiate decreased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. Both nations agreed not to make any new nuclear ballistic missile system technology by signing The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (Nation of Nations 2005).
The USA and Russia were in favour of the expansion because eastern states would be involved in western politics and their systems. An example of this was Latvia which had been under soviet control; the country was subject to Soviet economic control and saw considerable Russification of its people. Its independence was recognized in 1991 and in 2004 they finally joined the EU. In addition the EU has diplomatic links with certain regions in the Middle
Containment may have of failed and been made evident with the Cuban missile crisis however it led to a growing awareness of the need to create some control over the nuclear arms race by placing restrictions on nuclear tests. The assessment is valid in saying that the missile crisis was complete evidence containment failed as more countries in Eastern Europe were becoming communist. Containment was a failure before the crisis because in 1948 Czechoslovakia was forced to accept communism. Even though in 1947 they were not fully communist there were still some communist-dominated coalition governments. Until the Czech coup, the emphasis in Washington had been on economic containment of Communism, primarily through the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan and a heavy reliance on atomic power as a shield to support it.
In order to improve economic conditions, provide access to western technology and supplies and recognition from the West for the sphere of influence. The achievements were during the Mid 70s when the Helsinki Agreements occurred. It was seen as a step towards reducing Cold War tensions and hopefully for the Soviet Union the rules on Nation borders would change. Europe. The Helsinki agreements recognised Soviet control over Eastern Europe because it dictated confrontation and expansion abroad.
Explain why the USA entered WW1 There were several reasons the USA joined WW1 on the side of the allies, one such reason was the idea that it was a “fight for democracy” and that the USA would be saving Europe from oppressive administrations. This was only possible because Tsarist Russia had left the War leaving only France, a republic and Great Britain, a constitutional monarchy. This enabled the USA to join on a morality basis in that now all the Allies were “democratic”. This coincided very well for the USA in that they were already establishing heavy trade links with the Allies in that trade with them increased massively while trade with Germany has fallen to just 10% of what it had been in 1914. In this way the USA had a strong affinity
After The World War 1 had ended America was finally beginning to return to normalcy. The idea of Isolationism and the outlaw of War with wall nations began to shape the foreign policy for the United States. Although the world was as peace during the 1920’s it was not soon enough that Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union would spark another World War. Due to Political, social and economic changes during 1920-1941 the foreign policy of the United States would dramatically change. Isolationism , the made idea in the early 1920’s was changed after the course of World War 2, and urge to engage in world affairs made America the leading power in the world.
Ever since the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, the United States had been cautious toward the Soviet Union. The Red Scare of the 1920s and the later trial of Sacco and Vanzetti showed this. Although the relations improved for the battle against Germany, the Soviets soon turned sour. Two events that had a significant effect upon American-Soviet relations were the Yalta Conference and the period of McCarthyism. Unfortunately, both of these events had a significantly negative effect upon their relations.
He had seen the inroads made by Soviet propaganda in western Europe, particularly in 1947 through 1949, and believed that American will and policies had defeated the USSR’s efforts to sway elections and upset the Marshall Plan. The Voice of America, Radio Free Europe, and, in the following year, Radio Liberation (soon Radio Liberty) became part of the institutional fabric of containment.  The president thought that he had learned correctly from recent history, and he went on to the next step of his strategy in the partnership between the public and private sectors: the moral suasion and power of faith. As leader of the strongest power of the free world, he aimed to harness and coordinate the world’s religions in an effort to stop the Communists and what he viewed as their elemental
Collective Leadership (1964 - 1971) - Various members, notably Brezhnev and Kosygin Brezhnev (1971 - 1982) - A return to some aspects of Stalin's rule - but not as murderous. Andropov (1982 - 1984) - Attempted some reforms, but died before achieving much. Chernenko (1984 - 1985) - Attempted some reforms, but died before achieving much. Gorbachev (1985 - 1991) - Reformed much about the USSR, eventually leading to the country's collapse. In the 1970s, Presidents Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, and Jimmy Carter pursued détente, the reduction of Cold War tensions and achievement of peaceful coexistence with the Soviet Union.
‘The main aim of Brezhnev’s policies was to maintain the Soviet system’ to what extent do you agree with this statement? Leonid Brezhnev assumed the position of chairman of the Presidium in 1977. He sought to make the Soviet Union the military equal of the United States and promote its political influence around the world through a continuation of Khrushchev’s policy of détente. Although in contrast to Khrushchev, his priorities were stability, continuity and conservatism. However, throughout his period as leader, Russia saw the dominance of corruption and nepotism.