Even before the start of the twentieth century, there were people who called for Australia to be a republic, a nation without any political ties to the British monarchy. 1996 saw a change in the federal government, with John Howard becoming Prime Minister before Keating's referendum could go to the Australian people. Howard proceeded with the question of a republic by holding a Constitutional Convention in Canberra over two weeks
In my opinion, I believe that Australia did develop into an independent nation in the world during 1900-1945. Through the likes of federal policies in 1900-1914, WW1, 1920-1930’s and WW2 Australia increasingly became a more independent country. At the start of Australia’s birth; the federal government had placed many laws that would separate Australia from the world in terms of how they treated the working class. We placed many laws like the eight-hour day and basic wage. These laws protected the working class and we were the leaders throughout the world to place these laws in place.
Whitlam was ineffective at understanding Sir John and gravely misread him, Whitlam expected Kerr to enforce his, and only his, judgements, as is the political convention in Australia. When questioned about his relationship with Sir John, he stated “[The Governor General must] unquestionably only act on the advice of the Prime Minister”. The Governor General has the power under the constitution to ignore the advice of the Prime Minister but it was convention that he followed it, and this convention had not been broken since federation. Another aspect of Kerr’s power that Whitlam overlooked was his ability to appoint and dismiss members of the government (section 64) and particularly his readiness to use this power. The convention here was not to invoke this power but Kerr broke the convention on the 11 November 1975, dismissing Gough and ending the Constitutional crisis
The queen has virtually, no say in any of the happenings in Australia and our country could easily do without her. But monarchist say if Australia was to become a republic it would mean we would no longer be able to rely on British Forces should WW3 or equivalent begin. Australia currently has the largest defense force in Oceana with 57,690 full time personal, 21,248 active reserves and 22,166 standby reserves. But even without help from British forces, Australia has allied with the independent America whose army has worked for countless years with Australian forces. The Australian defense forces combined with American defense forces would easily be enough for us to no longer rely on Britan assistance.
Fight for Native Title: Mabo’s case triumphs Mabo v Queensland (no.2) 1992 On June 3rd 1992, five Murray Islanders home to the Torres Strait Islands in Australia held a legal action against the Government of Queensland in order to claim recognition of the rights to the use, enjoyment and occupancy of their traditional land which had been stolen off them prior to the annexation by the defending government. The judgments made by the High Court of Australia, initiated the legal doctrine of ‘native title’ into the Australian law, which was in favour of the plaintiffs bringing the case to court. This recognized that the Indigenous Australians did in fact have ownership to the possession of the land that was referred to as “terra nullius”, nobody’s
The soldiers being charged are Australians, then should they have not been tried by Australian court? British’s practice of imperialism prevents the Australian government from doing so. Also the trial is set up for the Australians to be found guilty; setting the Australians as examples to retain order within the British army. British once again using its practice of imperialism see Australian sacrifices’ as a small price to pay. Australian government is said to have agreed with the convict, one can assume this is due to British influence, practice of imperialism.
The first response that Australia had towards the movement of communism throughout Asia was fear. This was spread throughout Australia with the help of Government propaganda such as the Domino Theory. The Domino Theory suggested that when a nation fell to communism, then all its neighbouring countries would follow in the same way. This theory seemed to support the capitalists’ fear of a communist world revolution and thus, the closer that communism came to Australia, the more fearful Australians became. When China fell to the communists in 1949, fear surged through Australia that communism would eventually reach its shores, losing basic rights and freedom.
3) What image of Australia is represented in the documentary, The Queen in Australia? I could say the image of Australia represented was one of white productivity, potential and unity, and the forming of a socialised culture and national pride within a firm allegiance to the mother country England. However, in 1959 this was not a direct snapshot into the true Australian conditions and spirit. Following the end of WW2, a period of deep grief and civil unrest was emerging within Australia as post war conditions was proving life hard for the average Australian rebuilding and re-establishing a united strong nation was imperative, famously stated by immigration minster Arthur Cornell ‘populate or perish’ so in the interests of Australian potential and national pride the queen of England sailed to an economic and socially struggling Australia visiting all corners of this vast harsh land and sea, reinforcing Australia’s connection and loyalty to England, with her film crew in
Topic Australia is a democracy Question: Do people of Australia see their country as democratic or republic? Humanities major Assignment By Admire Chiware I do agree Australia is a democracy country.Democracy means government by the people and in many ways,Australia was a pioneering parliamentary democracy,that offered a model to the world(Justin Headley,Government in Australia,P29)Australia is a representative democracy country that stands on its own.The country allows people to vote for the candidate who will work in the government sector on their behalf.Australia has so many institutions and practices that she adopted from the likes of British and North American traditions.Australia has the freedom of election,freedom of
1. Explain the Petrov Affair During the 1950’s leader of the Liberal party, Robert Menzies, used the threat of communism to his political advantage, and the best example of this came just a few weeks before the federal election of 1954. On April 13 1954, Menzies told parliament that an official of the Soviet Russian Embassy in Canberra, Vladimir Petrov, had asked for political asylum in Australia. He also announced that Petrov had provided details of a Soviet spy ring operating in Australia and that there would be a Royal Commission into Petrov’s claims. While carrying out his spying duties, Petrov soon came to the attention of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation, Australia’s recently formed intelligence service which was primarily started because of concerns about leaked information from the Australian Department of External Affairs to the Soviet Union.