Patterns Of Child Development

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022 Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years. Aspects of a child and young person’s development include: • Physical development – includes gross motor skills (using large muscle areas such as arms and legs), and fine motor skills (precise use of muscles such as hands and fingers). • Intellectual/communication – includes learning the skills of understanding and communicating with others. • Social and Emotional – includes the development of a child’s identity, the development of relationships and learning the skills of living in society. Development is usually referred to on a timeline and is broken down into ages. As development is more rapid in early years the signs start by being…show more content…
Age Characteristics Up to 9 months By nine months babies are still shy with strangers but will show their affection to carers. They will enjoy being with others and playing simple games like peek-a-boo. 1 – 2 years At this age children may show separation anxiety from adults close to them. They may choose a particular object such as a teddy or blanket to comfort them and play becomes more fun with other children and they will mostly be cooperative. Children can now be easily distracted to avoid unwanted behaviour. 2 -3 years Children will become more independent, wanting to do things for themselves and become frustrated when they are unable to do something without help. Jealousy of others receiving attention may also become an issue although they will begin to enjoy playing alongside other children of their age, or others who give them attention. The child may display attachment and separation anxiety at this…show more content…
• When reading books about baby animals, bring out the animal in you by practising the sound the animal makes. Then you can be a mummy cow and the child becomes a baby cow, you can the moo to each other. • Play the help me game by asking your child to help you throughout the day; it helps them connect more words to the objects they represent. When you are getting dressed, point to your shoes and say, "Can you help me by getting my shoe?" • What does it feel like? Put a few objects in a bag. Without looking, have your child pick an object and describe it to you. See if your child can guess what it is. Try a screw, a big feather, measuring cup and a cotton ball. • Mouth gymnastics! Make different movements with your mouth such as opening your mouth wide, blowing air in your cheeks, pulling tongues and get the child to imitate. The child may also find it fun to do this whilst looking in the mirror; this will also make the child aware of the different movements that their mouth can make.

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