Patterns of Migration and Globalization

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INT1020: CONTEMPORARY WORLDS 2 ESSAY QUESTION What is the relationship between patterns of migration and globalization? Globalization implies the expansion of global connectivity, the growth of social life and the consolidation of society that is driven by the increasing flows of capital and goods in the recent years. Globalization has introduced the free flow of information and improved global communication, which in turn facilitated migration (Carnegie, 2006). During the post-war period, technological improvements were widespread mainly in countries of Europe that recovered from the devastating effects from World War II causing migration from developing countries to Western countries to expand rapidly despite increasing restrictions. In fact, migration policies are getting tighter across the world as countries attempt to limit the economic, cultural and social impact of large movements of people from one country to another. Also, globalization of communication technology has affected extensively the motivation of individuals to migrate. The relations between receiving and sending countries are readily established and networks connect migrants and non-migrants, where news and information are shared, which then sustains the flow of migration. While the pace of migration had accelerated since the 18th century, it has now increased further in this modern age of technology we are living in. Migration, both legal and illegal, involves the movement of people from one place to another for a variety of reasons. Economics provide the main reason behind migration. The lack of job in countries suffering from poverty for instance in India, it is a great challenge because of its growing population and the number of domestic jobs available to its citizens are at its minimal (Leiken, 2001). Also, as a result large-scale investment and expansion of
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