Patient Education Plan

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Patient Education Plan Dorcas Adeyemo NUR/427 December 11, 2011 Sharnee Moore-Jervis Patient Education Plan An Overview of Hypertension Blood pressure (BP) is the force exerted by blood on the walls of its vessels. BP is measured as systolic which is the pressure exerted during a heart beat when the heart pumps blood and diastolic when the heart is at rest. BP is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). BP values vary according to the level of exercise involved; it is lower during sleep and increases on waking up. The normal BP reading is approximately 120/80mmHg (National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, 2010). When the force within the blood vessels, especially the arteries increases as blood flows through them, this stretches the walls of the arteries beyond limit and may cause damage to them, and this is referred to as High blood pressure or Hypertension. According to Nettina, “Hypertension is a disease of vascular regulation in which the mechanisms that control arterial pressure within normal range are altered”, (2010). Category | Systolic (top number) | | Diastolic (bottom number) | Normal | Less than 120 | And | Less than 80 | Prehypertension | 120–139 | Or | 80–89 | High blood pressure | | | | Stage 1 | 140–159 | Or | 90–99 | Stage 2 | 160 or higher | Or | 100 or higher | Blood Pressure Levels in adults (measured in mmHg) as categorized by the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, (2010). Hypertension is classified into Primary or Essential Hypertension and Secondary Hypertension. Primary or Essential Hypertension: this is when there are consistently high BP readings of 140/90mmHg at three or more occasions usually taken at rest; and without any known underlying cause. Secondary Hypertension: This occurs in about 5% of known cases of Hypertension caused by other disease conditions. The identified causes include

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