Someone with a systolic pressure of 120 and a diastolic pressure of 80 has a blood pressure of 120/80, or “120 over 80.” * The systolic number shows how hard the blood pressure pushes when the heart is pumping. * The diastolic number shows how hard the blood pushes between heartbeats when the heart is relaxed and filling with blood. High blood pressure is 140/90 or higher. Adults should have a blood pressure of less than 120/80. Many people fall into the category in between, called prehypertension.
1. Mr Gibson has several medical conditions. Briefly discuss the pathophysiology of each condition and identify how these conditions impact on the elderly client (250- 300 words each and references are required) • Hypertension (HTN) – Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure, sometimes called arterial hypertension, is a chronic condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated. This requires the heart to work harder than normal to circulate blood through the blood vessels. Blood pressure involves two measurements, systolic (contracting) and diastolic (relaxed).
Lowering High Blood Pressure Tactics Download a 1-page printable .PDF file of the Blood Pressure Chart above. Blood Pressure Range Chart Notes NORMAL BLOOD PRESSUREREADINGS RANGE HIGH Blood Pressure Symptoms -Stressed, Sedentary, Bloated, Weak, Failing Systolic - Diastolic 210 - 120 - Stage 4 High Blood Pressure 180 - 110 - Stage 3 High Blood Pressure 160 - 100 - Stage 2 High Blood Pressure 140 - 90 - Stage 1 High Blood Pressure 140 - 90 - BORDERLINE HIGH 130 - 85 - High Normal 120 - 80 - NORMAL Blood Pressure 110 - 75 - Low Normal 90 - 60 - BORDERLINE LOW 60 - 40 - TOO LOW Blood Pressure 50 - 33 - DANGER Blood Pressure LOW Blood Pressure Symptoms -Weak, Tired, Dizzy, Fainting, Coma
Some of the leading causes of CVA are: -High Blood Pressure -Diabetes -Drug Use -Alcohol Abuse -Obesity Statistics say: -35%-50% of people with high blood pressure are at risk of having a stroke. -People diagnosed with diabetes mellitus are 2 to 3 times more likely to have a stroke. -10% recover almost completely. -25% recover with minor impairment. -40% require special care.
There are certain factors that can increase the risk of getting CHD, including: Men in their 40's have a higher risk of getting CHD than woman, however, once women reach menopause, the risk is even across both genders. Family history or bad genes (CHD is a hereditary disease) Diabetes High blood pressure The older you get, the more susceptible you are to contracting CHD Abnormal
http://life.gaiam.com/article/how-stress-affects-womens-health This article was written by E.C. LaMeaux. LaMeaux writes about symptoms of stress in woman and how it affects them. Heart disease is the number-one killer of American women and the most prevalent consequence of stress. Stress causes high blood pressure, which compels the heart to work double time, increasing the risk of strokes, heart attacks, kidney failure and diabetes.
Oxygen levels decrease about 15% when smoking, to be replaced by carbon monoxide. Smoking temporarily increases your heart rate and blood pressure straining your heart and blood vessels, this can cause and increased risk of heart disease and stroke. The tar in a cigarette coats your lungs and the longer you hold the smoke the deeper it gets dragged to your lungs sometimes causing cancer, other problems give you trouble breathing, chronic coughing and wheezing, or even Emphysema which is an irreversible disease that 75% of the people diagnosed are long-term smokers, the same goes for Bronchitis as it slowly rots your lungs it will result in death usually from respiratory failure. For women smoking affects your reproductive health for a woman who smokes they are
A myocardial infarction, commonly known as a heart attack, is a diseased state in the heart that occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart has been occluded or interrupted. This results in a state of ischemia in which oxygen shortage to the heart causes damage and potential death of the heart tissue itself (Black & Hawks, 2009). This is considered a medical emergency, and is leading cause of death in both men and women all over the world. Past history can play a major role and important risk factors can include a previous history of vascular diseases such as atherosclerotic coronary heart disease and/or angina, a previously suffered heart attack or stroke, any cases of abnormal heart rhythms and snycopal episodes (Hudson, M., Christenson, R., Newby, L., Kaplan, A., & Ohman, E. 1999). In men over forty and women over fifty, smoking, the abuse of illicit drugs, excessive alcohol consumption, high triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, high LDL and low HDL levels, obesity, and chronically high levels of stress can majorly increase the chances of a myocardial infarction (Black & Hawks, 2009).
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the U.S. When the coronary arteries become partially blocked or clogged the result becomes coronary artery disease. Therefore this blockage limits the flow of blood from the coronary arteries, which are the major arteries supplying oxygen-rich blood to the heart. When the heart is working harder and needs more oxygen the coronary arteries expand. Here are a few examples of when the arteries expand, when a person is climbing stairs, exercising, or having sex.
As you get older, your age increases the risk of narrowed and damaged arteries, which of course leads to CAD. If you have a family history of heart disease, it is associated with a higher risk of CAD. Especially if a close relative such a brother developed a heart disease at a young age. Of course, smoking increases your risk because nicotine constricts your blood vessels and carbon monoxide can damage the