Patient Education Plan

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Patient Education Plan Larry Garcia Introduction to Hypertension (HTN) Hypertension is a term used to describe a state of high blood pressure (“Hypertension”, 05.10.2011). Blood pressure is the measure of blood your heart pumps and its resistance against your arteries (“High Blood Pressure”, 03.22.2011). Blood pressure is given in two numbers: 120/80. The top number, 120, is the systolic blood pressure. Systolic is the peak pressure of blood against the arteries. The bottom number, 80, is the diastolic blood pressure. Diastolic pressure is the minimum pressure of blood against the arteries (“Systolic verse Diastolic Blood Pressure”). 3Normal blood pressure is 120/80mmHg, hypertension is when blood pressure is measured at above 140/90 mmHg (“Hypertension”, 05.10.2011). High blood pressure can lead to issues with sight, ears, heart attacks and stroke. Patients with hypertension need to work on lowering their blood pressure to avoid such health catastrophes. Age and developmental issues Males are most likely to develop hypertension at middle age. At the age of 45, Mr. Garcia is a prime example of a male at risk for hypertension. In addition, the stress he receives from work to fill a quota and the stress placed on him caring for his elderly parents are also significant attributes causing hypertension. Another major risk factor to high blood pressure is weight. Mr. Garcia is 12 pounds over his ideal weight. In addition, it is important to exercise to decrease the risk of high blood pressure. Lastly, Mr. Garcia’s mother has had high blood pressure for many years; this genetically predisposes Mr. Garcia to high blood pressure as well (“High Blood Pressure-Risk Factors”, 03.22.2011). Effect on quality of life Some patients with hypertension may feel dizzy and have headaches(Wong, 06.23.2011). If you reach a point of high blood pressure,

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