Patient Care Education Plan on Halcion

1717 WordsOct 28, 20127 Pages
Patient Care Education Plan on Halcion Halcion Generic Name: Triazolam Trade Name: Halcion Drug Classification: Benzodiazepine Indications and Usage: Short-term treatment (7-10 days) for insomnia Recommended Dosage: Adults: 15-30 mg PO at bedtime; Elderly/debilitated: 7.5 mg PO at bedtime until individualized response is determined. Administration Directions: Give medication 15-30 minutes before bedtime without regard for food, but may be given with food or milk to reduce GI symptoms, medication may be opened (capsule form) and mixed with foods/fluids. Adverse Reactions: CNS: Complex sleep –related behaviors, drowsiness, dizziness, lethargy, disturbed coordination, daytime sedation, confusion, nightmares, vertigo, euphoria, weakness, headache, fatigue, nervousness, anxiety and depression. CV: Chest pain, pulse changes and hypotension EENT: Blurred Vision GI: Diarrhea, nausea, dry mouth, abdominal pain, constipation, heartburn, anorexia, and vomiting. Hema: Leukopenia, granulocytopenia Syst: Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) and angio edema Interactions: Drug-Drug: CNS depressant may increase action of both medications. Use together with caution; Antacids: decreased effect of antacid, oral contraceptives: increased effect. Drug-Herb: Calendula, hops, kava, lemon valerian: may enhance sedative effect of drug Use is discouraged together. Drug-Lifestyle: Alcohol use: may cause increase effects of both on CNS. Discourage use together; Rifampin: decreased effect of rifampin; theophyline: decreased effect of theopylline. Lab test results: May increase liver function test values, may decrease radioactive Iodine uptake and a false increase on 17-OHCS. Contraindications and Cautions: * Contraindicated in pregnant patients, breastfeeding and those hypersensitive to drug or other benzodiazepines * Use cautiously in children

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