Pathos Essay

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The religious adhocracies that have traversed the ages of mankind all have a sole philosophical basis within the origin of their respected belief systems. As a collective society, it is assumed that religion and philosophy appear hand in hand. Whereas religious and philosophical enlightenment tend to generate the protruding differences between religions based on philosophy or faith. The process of enlightenment of Zen Buddhism through meditation, which was introduced in Highet’s essay “The Mystery of Zen”, depicts the trepidation and cavalier attitude of a man’s departure into the world and teachings of enlightenment through meditation. On the contrary, Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” is the established fundamental metaphor for enlightenment, Plato’s distinct style of conveying his argument of enlightenment is a rigorous process. Therefore, the distinguishing different characteristics amongst Plato’s theory of enlightenment and the teachings of enlightenment that Zen Buddhism presents are apparent in the discrepancies of their respective teachings. The English word “Religion” is derived from the Latin word “religio”, which refers to the fear or awe one feels in the presence of a spirit of God (Hopfe). Buddhism, or the middle path, was founded by Siddhartha Gautama and is essentially an ascetic belief system. However, it is still heavily debated as to the classification of Buddhism being a religion or form of philosophy. Philosophy can be broken down into Philo-Sophia, which respectively means in depth and true appreciation. Initially philosophy was meant to understand life and its glorious aspects. Naturally the following question would be what is philosophy? Philosophy is the love of- wisdom, true knowledge, understanding and pursuit of knowledge. Lacking a central God-like figure, Buddhism can be easily seen as a philosophy rather than a religion. However,

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