Gerontology Disease Process Paper 09/10/2012 CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE Etiology Congestive heart failure (CHF) is the hearts inability to pump sufficient oxygen rich blood to the body’s tissues. CHF can be acute or chronic, left sided, right sided or both. There are several causes, diseases such as MI, hypertension, CAD or kidney failure valve disorders, inflammatory conditions, water intoxication and side effects from medications such as corticosteroids. CHF is more common among the elderly community, also is the leading cause of hospitalization and re-hospitalization among the elderly. Over three million individuals have been diagnosed with CHF.
Congestive Heart Failure • Definition • Prevention • Prevention of Readmission • Essential Patient Education • Opinion Definition Congestive Heart Failure, also known as CHF, is a medical condition in which the body’s heart is incapable of pumping and supplying enough blood to the rest of the body. When this condition occurs, adequate blood flow to the body’s vital organs such as the brain, lungs, liver, and kidneys is diminished. Congestive Heart Failure may be due to the right, left, or both ventricles, and is considered a long-term condition. Several causes of CHF include heart valve disease, primary heart muscle weakness, hypertension, and Coronary Artery Disease. CHF is a chronic, long-term condition although at times it can develop quite suddenly.
Management of Pain in Elderly Patients with Cancer. JAMA; 279:23, 1877-1882. Retrieved from http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=187650 Breast Cancer. (September 17, 2012) Pain Management. Retrieved from http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/types/recur_metast/treat_metast/pain_manage Davis, M., Khoshknabi, D., Yue, G. (2006).
Retinal detachment leaves the retinal cells lacking oxygen. The longer retinal detachment goes untreated, the greater your risk of permanent vision loss in the affected eye.” (Mayo Clinic, 2013) There are symptoms that come with a retinal detachment like sudden flashes of lights, increase in floaters, seeing a curtain or veil coming down, or a shadow, making it miss part of your vision. If the retinal detachment is not caught on time, it leaves permanent vision loss making a person’s life difficult to see, drive, and other common everyday
Atherosclerosis is a type of disease in the blood vessels, mainly in the arteries. Smoking, not exercising, and being overweight are lifestyles that people chose to live and in which can cause atherosclerosis. Damage to the human body like smoking, is when the atherosclerosis disease starts. (Words of Wisdom Biology, 2012) * Why would atherosclerosis result in a heart attack? Provide a brief explanation based on how the heart functions.
DEFINITION/ETIOLOGY: The most common cause of heart failure is coronary artery disease (CAD), which is a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. Hear failure can also occur when an infection weakens the heart muscles, this disorder is called cardiomyopathy. Other heart problems that may cause heart failure include: Congenital heart disease, Heart attack, heart valve disease, and some types of abnormal heart rhythms. Diseases such as emphysema, severe anemia, hyperthyroidism, or hypothyroidism may also cause or contribute to heart failure Systolic heart failure means that your heart muscle cannot pump, or eject the blood out of the heart very well. Diastolic heart failure means that your hearts pumping chamber does not fill up with blood.
CPR ALTERNATE ASSESSMENT Can you save a life? In an emergency, when every second is critical, would you know what to do? According to recent statistics sudden cardiac arrest is rapidly becoming the leading cause of death in America. Once the heart ceases to function, a healthy human brain may survive without oxygen for up to 4 minutes without suffering any permanent damage. Unfortunately, a typical EMS response may take 6, 8 or even 10 minutes.
There is one that you have no control over and that is family history or what is already in your dna. SLIDE SIX Atherosclerosis can affect any artery within the body so I am going to cover them in section and explain what the symptoms of each are. The first one I am going to discuss is the coronary arteries which are the ones pertaining to the heart. You may not have any symptoms until it progresses to a severe problem. The symptoms of atherosclerosis in the coronary arteries are shortness of breath, chest pain, increased heart rate, sleep problems, fatigue or tiredness, and lack of energy.
Other causes may heredity high cholesterol, tobacco abuse, obesity and high blood pressure. Alular heart disease is another common type of heart disease. Vault disease is characterized by damage to or a defect in one of the four heart Values, which are the mitral, arctic, tricuspid, or pulmonary. Some causes are rheumatic fever, bacterial endocardia, high blood pressure, a heart attack or
These symptoms may come and go; different symptoms may appear at different times during the course of this disease. No two cases of Lupus are alike so people may experience different signs and symptoms. Here is a list of the most common symptoms of lupus for men and women; extreme fatigue, headaches, painful or swollen joints, fever, anemia, swelling, pain in the chest, sensitivity to sunlight, hair loss, and abnormal blood clotting. This disease affects the kidneys, lungs, central nervous system, blood vessels, blood, and the heart. By affecting the kidney, it may impair their ability to rid waste from their body.