Soul-building evils are meant to force human beings to live through adversity and in turn strengthen our characters (Sober, pg. 111). Another criticism that exists to this second premise is called defense, which attempts to explain how evil can exist logically, given the existence of God (an all-PKG God) (“The Problem of Evil”). However, defense does not presuppose the existence of God or the existence of evil. If God and evil can
David Hume's Argument from Evil The problem of evil is the problem of reconciling the existence of the evil in the world with the existence of an omniscient, omnipotent and perfectly good God. The argument from evil is the atheistic argument that the existence of such evil cannot be reconciled with, and so disproves, the existence of such a God. The argument from evil for the non-existence of God can be broken down to the moral evil vs. natural evil and that evil in the world is necessary. God is seen as all knowing, benevolent, and all-powerful. However, if he were to be all three of these things, then why does he allow evil to occur?
Meaning that since good and evil are opposites, since god created good he would have to have created evil. Another response to this is that some theist think something’s cant exist unless their opposites exist so that being thought leads them to believe that since there is good there must be evil. Which I don’t think is true because some things exist because their opposites don’t like having peace. You cant have peace if there’s war. Since peace and war are opposites and one can only exist when the other doesn’t makes some theist response not very accurate.
So anything that is done is by Gods will as he wanted that to be done. For example Liebniz would say that God willed me to write this essay to this standard this is why I am writing it at this level of quality, and not on the bases of my own essay writing skills. However this ideology can be directly criticised by highlighting the fact that this theory shows God to be evil as he allows evil to happen. For example one can say God is evil as he lets the world to have poverty and allows wars to happen. Satre would also criticise this as he has that it is our choice to write a good essay or not as we have the choice to learn how to write a good essay, if we don’t take the opportunity then it is our loss.
Explain the term evil (30m) There are 2 different types of evil moral (caused by human beings) and natural (caused by nature). There is a logical problem of evil which is called the inconsistent triad; this is the argument that God cannot possess all the Omni characteristics with the existence of evil. This is a logical inconsistency. The existence of evil is incompatible with the existence of God; it is logically incoherent to accept that both exist together. God being omnipotent means that he can do anything which means he could have created a world free from evil.
Flaws Within the Flawless As an inherently flawed element, human nature will continuously battle with right and wrong, and failure will persist without guidance. Dostoevski highlights this conclusion in his work The Grand Inquisitor. According to the Grand Inquisitor, the most important aspects of our human nature are the inability to handle freedom and a yearning for a miraculous being. In his approach to governing these aspects, the argument he defends that Christ’s rejection of the temptations has permanently hindered human nature may appear true. However, the Grand Inquisitor’s rejection that the nature of man has potential to change when we accept Christ as our savior highlights the weak link in his argument.
There is also Dr Lanyon, who is seen to be completely opposed to the science of Jekyll but loses his Victorian values to his curiosity when Jekyll reveals his secret. The contrast of “Henry Jekyll’s Full Statement of the Case” to the narrative of Mr Utterson in the other chapters of this book shows duality because Mr Utterson uses the other characters as a point of view whereas Jekyll’s statement of the case looks from only his perspective. Stevenson uses the lasting moral message that good and evil are conflicting inside people - the way that savagery and civilisation contrast and our effects on religion and science. Robert Louis Stevenson uses the character of Sir Danvers Carew to portray that civilisation and religion are important for good people whereas Mr Hyde shows evil through his curiosity of life and his height to represent youth, showing that Jekyll’s youthful sins; which were not explained in detail are replicated as Hyde. This is a comment on Victorian values that Stevenson is making.
Moral evil is an act of mankind such as murder; natural evil would be something that is not caused by any specific agent but has victims such as would be produced by earthquakes.  Because of evil in the world, many argue against there being a creator God by attempting to show that the co-existence of evil and such a deity is unlikely or impossible. The attempts to justify the ways of God to man by proving that God can and does co-exist with evil, are known as theodicies and provide various responses to the problem of evil. Leibniz’s theodicy states that God did not choose the best in creating the world, but then God would be lacking in power, knowledge and goodness. Augustinian theodicy argues that God created the world and it was perfect, without any evil or suffering until man’s fall and Irenaean theodicy states God is partially responsible for evil and suffering as a process of soul building.
While one may believe there are individuals who are the utmost holy and divine like, Hawthorne would fail to agree with this opinion. We are repeatedly burdened with Hawthorne's idea that we are helpless, imperfect beings who cannot help but sin and make wrong choices. Along with this point, Hawthorne believes that we are unable own up to the wrongs that we make and consciously choose to keep our sins buried within ourselves. Taking these thoughts to consideration, one should reflect upon these ideas and beliefs in high hopes of separating themselves from sin as much as our nature will
If he wants to, but cannot, he is impotent. If he can, but does not want to, he is wicked. If God can abolish evil, and God really wants to do it, why is there evil in the world?” The problem of evil poses this question: how can a God who is all-powerful, all-wise, and all-good permit so much pain, suffering, and evil in the world? How would you answer this question? week 6 Jesus and the Kingdom of God (graded) Describe some of the values Jesus had in mind when he used the phrase “Kingdom of God.” One scholar has called Jesus’s message “ethical apocalypticism.” What do you think this means in light of our discussion of apocalypticism in the text?