Economist Joseph Schumpeter's definition of democracy is that in order to become a leader, you have to go into a competitive struggle with someone else and gain the citizens votes. This form of democracy is sometimes positively viewed as representative democracy and negatively viewed as the "elitist theory of democracy." The Founding Fathers were influenced by Aristotle's definition of democracy, "rule of the many", in other words it meant that middle class people, and even poor people had the power. However, he believed that democracy could easily fall into oligarchy or a tyranny. For this not to happen, a combination of oligarchy and democracy should be formed.
Position Paper Issue 3 – Effective Government The question as to how much government involvement is necessary to successfully operate and sustain an economy and society has been on debate for many centuries. Our history has demonstrated that when humans our given too much freedom, the selfishness of an individual comes into play, and when there is too much government control, the rights of the individual appear to be violated. “The most effective government is the one that governs the least.” This statement argues strongly with the ideological perspective of a capitalist economy, one which advocates a laissez faire economic system where the people are subjected to make the decisions for themselves with little to no government involvement. However, through such events as starvation, extremes of wealth and poverty, palatial estates, horrible slums, child labour and work abuse have successfully proven that when an economy is granted complete freedom to the individual, the selfishness of one’s desire tragically becomes the main focus. From this evidence, it is clear that for an economy to successfully operate a government presence must occur to provide its citizens with a more equitable distribution throughout the entire population, lesson social problems by collecting more taxes to ensure a long term gain, and essentially to protect the rights and freedoms of the “little guy” from the hardships presented when large corporations have control.
Although the people had a right to be involved in the government, the author of Caesar No. 2 thought that it should be left up to people of greater intelligence to choose the government and its actions. The argument against this was that the people had the ability to choose the people that would have authority in the government. This idea helped place a foothold in the government for the people to always play a role. The last concern was that of the
Citizens today want to be better represented which the only way for that is to have Direct Democracy; where every citizen can make their own decisions together about laws. Other citizens aren't even aware of current issue in our country today and that is only one of the many states in our country. Which leads me to believe that Direct Democracy would not work in the United States. The pros and cons show how Direct Democracy could be very effective to both sides. Every single citizen has his or her own opinion to certain issues as well to Direct Democracy.
In studies of absolutism and democracy advantages and disadvantages for each governmental system can be identified. A Democracy i think is the most effective for this period of history. In an absolute monarchy the ruler had unlimited power to rule and could do anything he wanted to do without having to listen to nobody or their advice. They also believed they should have complete control over the country. The king rules over all his subjects .Kings became very powerful and the Church lost its hold on society.
While the US Constitution has many conservative ideas it also has several revolutionary notions that were the center of the Articles of Confederation. The House of Representatives was established to allow the common man's voice to be heard; now all citizens could give their consent in government. There were also guarantees that certain rights would never be taken away from the citizens. The Bill of Rights was written to assure the citizens that there were things that the government couldn't do and that the citizen was always protected. There were other provisions in the constitution to defend against abusing power, the system of checks and balances and having three branches in the government.
Now on the other hand, the US has a long way to go to reach a system like that of Belo Horizonte. The US with all its wealth and power in my opinion likes to feel in power and enjoys to hand out its help instead of incorporating it into a system where it benefits all and not just a few. The US is famous for its liberal democracy, but there is a catch to everything. Democracy is a form of government in which the power is elected by the people for the people. So if the US job is to protect and nourish the country so it can rise and live
This power went directly to the people, not only that of the upper class. In America, citizens are accustomed to their government having the responsibility of serving their needs rather than people serving their rulers. Originally, the king could take rights away without question. In contrast, the American Constitution limited power of the government over the individual, The Bill of Rights even protects the individual from the tyranny of the majority. The three branches of government make America immune from too much power to one individual.
In the informational text “The Greek Experience: The Heroic Outlook” written by C.M. Bowra, it is told that the ancient greeks differed from those of other societies because of their evolution in government. The greeks now have what is called a democracy. A democracy is a system of government that is controlled by man who is able to govern himself. Ancient greeks did not just change into a democracy in a blink of an eye.
Democratic Theory Democracy is a form of government is run by the people of that country through elections and representation. A democracy is really a form of a republic known as a democratic republic. A republic is a government where officials, elected by a small group of people, make the important decisions. Human nature is fallible. Humans cannot live without making any mistakes.