As a phlebotomist in blood collection, you wash your hands before and after each patient. Also between each patient you can use antiseptic hand cleanser. It is also important to wear the proper protective clothing that would provide a barrier against infection. This protective clothing and any thing you wear to protect you is called PPE or Personal Protective Equipment. Examples of PPE’s are gloves, gowns, lab coats, face shields, masks, and goggles.
Hand washing is important to remove dirt and most transient organisms (Class notes, 2012). Hand washing is one of the main ways to stop the spread of viruses and everyone working in a care facility should carry out this process. Staff should wash their hands at the start of every shift, before and after attending to each client and after they have used the toilet. Posters should be placed above sinks and at their desks reminding them to wash their hands, also around the corridors and in toilets so patients and visitors are aware of it. Hand washing in a care environment is vitally important due to the amount of sick and vulnerable patients that care staff looks after on a day to day basis.
This is done in my setting by the employers making sure there is different protective clothing which is different colours for different job. These include; gloves, aprons and tabards. These are for nappy changing, dishing out food and cleaning up spillages. “As well as physical safety, you also need to understand and follow your placement’s policy on hygiene. This may include wearing a uniform, tying hair back and using resources that have been provided such as disposables gloves.” (Tassoni et al, 2007, page 10) The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 is legislation about safe storing and usage of dangerous substances.
Anything outside of the mandatory site PPE will be detailed on the work permit. A clean work area is required to make your repair task easier and safer. 3. Describe the hazards associated with carrying out maintenance activities on fluid power equipment (such as handling fluids, stored energy/force, misuse of tools), and how these can be minimised There are various hazards involved with working on fluid power equipment. These include; chemical exposure or contact, pressurized lines, potential area contamination.
Usually it's used as a way to make sure that something’s pH is suitable for human consumption or for human to be close to. However, it is also used to make sure that products, such as cleaning products, remove bacteria. Cleaning products need to be slightly acidic for these products to work so they titrate to get the right morality. Titration is used in pretty much everything. Method of testing the tap water * Rinse a 250 ml conical flask with distilled water.
When pathogens are acquired from another person, or from the environment, they are described as exogenous. The transmission of pathogens, between people and across environments, is termed cross-infection. When micro-organisms colonise one site on the host and enter another site on the same person causing further infection, this is called self-infection or endogenous infection. (Adult Nursing Skills 2009) Hand washing – Nurses need to wash their hands before and after all contact with the patient. Also using the antibacterial hand rub during any procedures involving the patient e.g.
when taking my gloves off , I pull one off at a time , first one from the cuff then use it to pull of the other one , therefore minimising the risk of spreading germs on to my skin the used gloves should then be disposed of by putting them in a clinical bin using the foot stool to open the bin . These are the yellow bins with yellow bags inside The yellow bag is then taken to a bigger bin outside the building before removal by environmental staff. 1.2 As an employer it is their responsibility to provide training in the use of PPE and the procedures of control of infection, Disposal of clinical waste etc. It is their responsibility to undertake risk assessments in the workplace to ensure a safe work place is being used. It is their responsibility to ensure that suitable places are in place for the use of washing, toileting, and food preparation And also to ensure that PPE is provided and that equipment is maintained for safe use.
Unit 4222-264 The principles of infection prevention and control (ICO1/201) 1. Understand roles and responsibilities in the prevention and control of infections. 1.1 Explain employees' roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection. All employees have a role to play in the prevention and control of infection. It is important that we ensure that all correct PPE and cleaning chemicals are available in the COSSH cupboard such as disposable gloves, aprons, foot protectors, Anti bacterial sprays, Bathroom cleaner, kitchen anti bacterial spray, floor cleaner, hand wash, alcohol gel and correct facilities in working order i.e.
Unit 4222-264 the Principles of Infection Prevention and Control Outcome 1 1.1 As an employee it is our responsibility to adhere to company policies and procedures as well as those implemented by localised procedures. This means any communicable diseases which are notifiable, must be brought to the attention of the appropriate authority if I have any concerns what so ever regarding the management of infectious diseases in the workplace, I should record and contact line manager, who will seek professional advice. All employees must also observe general Precautions, other rules specific to a particular work activity must also be observed. Preventing infection Employees can help by: Washing hands when appropriate Keeping equipment clean Remaining vigilant and reporting potential hazards Attending infection control training and keeping updated Wearing Personal Protective Equipment Maintaining personal hygiene Disposing of waste correctly 1.2 Employers have a duty of care to all employees under the health and safety legislation, which gives the employers the responsibility to protect employees from danger and harm, as far as possible. Employers must provide a safe work place Carry out risk assessments to assess the dangers of certain work activities Provide training for all staff Provide personal protective equipment Ensure regular health and safety checks are undertaken Employer’s responsibilities extend to protecting employees from the risk posed by biological hazards such as blood, body fluids and associated infections.