Pareto & Elite Theory

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PARETO & THE ELITE THEORY Power has been called many things. The ultimate aphrodisiac. An absolute corrupter. A mistress. A violin. But its true nature remains elusive. After all, a head of state wields a very different sort of power than a religious figure. Can one really compare the influence of a journalist to that of a terrorist? And is power unexercised power at all? In compiling our first ranking of the World's Most Powerful People we wrestled with these questions--and many more--before deciding to define power in four dimensions. First, we asked, does the person have influence over lots of other people? Pope Benedict XVI, ranked 11th on our list, is the spiritual leader of more than a billion souls, or about one-sixth of the world's population, while Wal-Mart CEO Mike Duke (No. 8) is the largest private-sector employer in the United States. ~The Forbes Special Report The World's Most Powerful People Michael Noer and Nicole Perlroth, 11.11.09, 06:00 PM EST The 67 heads of state, criminals, financiers and philanthropists who really run the world. T Introduction he Elite theory was advanced in the early twentieth century by three famous sociologists: Pareto, Mosca and Michels. The term “elite” as a category of sociological analysis was introduced by Pareto while the idea was floated earlier by Mosca.¹ The concept erupted mainly as a reaction to Marx’s class theory and was firmly based on the belief that democracy was a utopian concept and the inequality within the society is inevitable. Most of the “elitist” thinkers belonged to something categorized as neo-Machiavellian thought and countered class theory by accepting this division as natural. Unlike class theory, it associates competence and aptitude and not the
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