Parenting Theory Essay

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Parenting and Theory references Abidin, R. R. (1992). "The determinants of parenting behavior." Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 21(4): 407-412. Explores factors that influence parenting behavior through examination of previously reported and more recently developed models for predicting parenting behavior. G. Patterson's (1990) behavioral model, R. R. Abidin's (1990) initial model of parenting stress, and J. Belsky's (1984) process model of determinants of parenting are reviewed. A proposed model is presented to improve on previous models by integrating sociological, environmental, and behavioral factors, as well as personality characteristics of the parent, in predicting parenting behavior. Finally, a new self-report measure (i.e., the Parenting Alliance Inventory) is described that focuses on those aspects of the marital relationship. ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved) Belsky, J. (1984). "The determinants of parenting: A process model." Child Development 55: 83-96. Blair, C. B., D. A. Granger, et al. (2011). "Salivary cortisol mediates effect of poverty and parenting on executive functions in early childhood." Child Development. In a predominantly low-income population-based longitudinal sample of 1,292 children followed from birth, higher level of salivary cortisol assessed at ages 7, 15, and 24 months was uniquely associated with lower executive function ability and to a lesser extent IQ at age 3 years. Measures of positive and negative aspects of parenting and household risk were also uniquely related to both executive functions and IQ. The effect of positive parenting on executive functions was partially mediated through cortisol. Typical or resting level of cortisol was increased in African American relative to White participants. In combination with positive and negative parenting and household risk, cortisol mediated effects of
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