Different religious theories have suggested their own concepts into explaining how religion functions within the society. The relationship between religion and social change had been strongly debated in the past years, as more and more individuals have to a certain extent 'broken' away from the more traditional values shared in a once united society. Writers on religion tend to fall into one of two sides, those who see religion as a conservative force, preserving the status quo and those who see religion as encouraging a force for social change. A number of structuralist theories argue that religion is a conservative force in society, that is, it produces stability not change within society and it reinforces the shared needs and values of society. For some sociologists this is a positive effect - the view of the functionalist theorists, for some is a negative one - the view of the Marxist theorists.
The Development of Relationship between Catholicism and Natural Science Lei Xu How does the complex relationship between Religion and Natural Science come? The different concern and understanding of the world: Natural science uses hypothesis, experiment, and logical reasoning etc. methods to study the reality of the world while religion uses the methods of imagination, metaphor, intuition, experience, enlightenment to realize God’s will. Four stages of this relationship in history: * When Catholicism first time met natural science in 17th century (the Renaissance), their relationship presented friendliness. * In 18th century, most of scientists still believed in the God who created the universe; however, they no longer believed in a personified God who actively involved in human life.
In bruce's words “when we have tried every cure for cancer, some of us pray”. With religious beliefs now sitting on the edge in society. Issues such as divorce,sex outside marriage and gay marriage are no longer considered so heavily taboo.This shows that traditional religious teachings and morals are no longer swaying people in society. Not all evidence points to the fact that secularization is the main feature of UK society.
Most devout Christians would take offense if someone claimed that the story that proves their existence is in fact a myth. A myth is not just some story to the people, but rather a truth. They forget that a story can be false. According to the text Exploring Religion, “Myths are distinguishable from other forms of sacred stories in that they are more fabulous than realistic, more imaginative than factual, and more evocative than analytical” (Schmidt 185). Myths help us to make sense of things, and also give us purpose.
Religious experiences are nothing more than an illusion – discuss It is always fairly difficult to determine whether someone who has claimed to have had a religious experience is telling the truth or not. All sceptics say that the first step is to see if the person was intoxicated or mentally delusional in some way. This has been the case in most religious experience accounts, but not every single one. David Hulme decided that there were different types of religious experiences and he categorised them. The first is personal , this is when you and no one else has experienced God, the second is numinous, this is where you have a great feeling of relief or satisfaction with the presence of God over you.
The Moral Implication in the Charity Culture Nowadays, the charity culture is both strange and familiar to the public, for it is not reported so much on the media in one hand, and in the other hand, the moral implication in the charity culture is just like the blood in human bodies. In the western countries, the origin of charity culture is from the religion. The theory of “Original Sin” in Christianity makes people believe that everyone is born guilty, who must atone for his philanthropy by working hard for the entire lifetime in order to get peace and go to the Heaven after death. In the western Christian culture, charity is regarded as a discipline, which has an external force; while it is an effective way as well shuttling between the wealth and the spirit beyond the free materialism. As a result, charity in the western world is not just a moral stuff, but more like a religion one.
However, in modern times society is a lot less prejudice, and audiences are more sympathetic for Shylock. The Elizabethan audience would also be more religious than a modern audience, and Shylock was a character that went against everything they believed in as Christians. Therefore, especially with an Elizabethan audience, the main feeling towards Shylock would not be sympathy, but hostility and loathing. Our first glimpse of Shylocks character is in Act 1, Scene 3, where Shylock reveals to the audience the reason he hates Antonio. The first reason he gives is because he is a Christian.
The belief in a miracle can come from either experiencing them or religious reasons and explanations. People that believe in miracles usually believe in the religious evidence that we are provided with. Christians and Catholics will believe that miracles can happen because there are a lot of stories in the bible that seem to break the laws of nature and almost seem impossible to believe in, for example Jesus healed poorly people and he rose from the dead. In our society people believe that rising from the dead is humanly impossible and then jump into assumptions that this event must of had some sort of supernatural explanation; others will not believe it at all. Catholic people think that if you believe in God miracles seem more obvious to you and if you deny and test the existence of God then it will be harder to see the miracles happen.
Popper wrote the foundation of the principle, but flew went a bit further with it. He was influenced by Popper but Flew applied the falsification principle to religious language and derived the conclusion that religious statements are no more than words with little to no significance. He then goes on to modify John Wisdom's analogy of the intangiable gardener to illustrate his point that religious believers cannot be convinced against God and their belief in him. Flew says that a religious believer is forced to say that “God's love is incomprehensible” when they are faced with the argument that God allows the death of a child due to an inoperable illness. He also goes further to say that “religious believers are allowing their definition of God to 'die a death of a thousand qualifications'” which would suggest that Flew believes that religious believers will use any 'qualification of God' to explain certain happenings in the world.
Both my parents were raised as Catholics, but unlike me, I seem to question religion a lot more and have my own interpretations on the scriptures and what it really means to be a follower of God. Blue Like Jazz did open my eyes even more and helped me further my journey as a follower of God. Although Miller’s stories were not in perfect chronological order, the book still flowed smoothly and was seen as moments and points that were most important and changing in his life. I can relate to this idea of moments with my experience with the spiritual retreat of Kairos. Instead of using time we defined everything in moments and I found something special in that.