Pantheon and Parthenon

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Comparative Essay: The Parthenon and The Pantheon Often the grandest of historical buildings can be compared and contrasted in several aspects. The Parthenon in Athens and The Pantheon in Rome may be compared, but mainly contrast in terms of their design. Consequentially, materials used for the building and decoration of each building differ. The Functions of the buildings are essentially very comparable. Finally, the location of each structure is relative to how they compare and contrast. The Parthenon in Greece and The Pantheon in Italy can be compared and contrasted in terms of design, materials used, function, and location. The Parthenon was built by the architects Itkinos and Kallikrates, as a temple generally of the Doric order. However, it also incorporates Ionic elements, such as the Ionic opisthinaos, a rear room of the temple, and the sculptural enrichment which was more recognizable in the Ionic order. The demensions are a base of 30.9m by 69.5m. The Parthenon featured an octastyle, or 8 column arrangement at both narrow ends, with 17 columns along the wider sides. The architects used the common ratio of 9:4 for the side columns and for the spaces between the columns, although strayed from strict geometric principles for design purposes like the columns’ slight curving upward toward the cella, and a bowing in the floor, raising the centre about four inches higher than either end. This made the Parthenon appear straight from a distance. The octastyle façade, capped with a triglyph, is comparable to the entrance design of the Pantheon built by Hadrian, who was said to be a big fan of Greek architecture. The entrance differs in that the pantheon’s 8 columns were of the Corinthian style, and were not so decoratively embellished with sculpture. Though the façade gives the impression of a rectangular cella, the design of the main hall of the Pantheon is

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