Pan Am and Twa

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PAN AM AIRLINES VS. TRANS WORLD AIRLINES (TWA) I chose to research two American iconic airlines: PAN AM and TWA, which paved the way in the airline industry from the 1920s until their decline in the 90s and at the turn of the century. Pan American Airlines, also known as PAN AM started out as the largest international air carrier in the United States from 1927 until 1991. It was both a scheduled air mail and passenger service operating from Key West Florida and its home base in Havana, Cuba. It shaped the International Airline industry with its fresh innovations which led to it being a major airline company. Some of these innovations included the widespread use of jet aircrafts and computerized reservation systems. PAN AM also co-founded the global airline industry (IATA). PAN AM created a brand for itself and became a cultural icon of the 20th century with it famous blue logo and the use of the word “Clipper” to refer to aircraft and call names within its organization. As a result, PAN AM became the unofficial flag carrier for the U.S. During PAN AM’s jet era, its flagship airport was located at John F. Kennedy Airport in New York. From the late 1980s to early 90s, it was forced to sell all of its routes due to financial distress to United Airlines and Delta Airlines. By January 1991, PAN AM had filed for Bankruptcy and was completely dissolved by December 1991. Trans World Airlines, also known as TWA, was an American airline that started in 1925 until it was bought out (or merged if you will) by American Airlines in 2001. TWA was also a major competitor of International airline PAN AM on intercontinental routes beginning in 1946 until it was deregulated in 1978. For most of its history, TWA’s major hub was at the Lambert St. Louis Int’l airport, but also included hubs at John F. Kennedy Int’l airport and Paris-Charles De Gaulle airport. TWA traveled

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