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Packet Essay

  • Submitted by: raracheln
  • on September 8, 2013
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 1,144 words

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Below is an essay on "Packet" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Chapters 12 and 13, Rubenstein
Services and Urban Patterns

  A. Services are any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those that provide it. Examples:
        1. Transportation and commerce
        2. Product services such as banking
        3. Retail and wholesale
        4. Personal and social such as schools
        5. Public services such as government
  B. Services also must consider site and situation:
        1. LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION are usually considered the 3 most important factors in retail
        2. Must define a market area first to determine a location:
          a). Maximum distance a customer is willing to travel for a service is called range
          b). Threshold is minimum number of people needed to support business
        3. Gravity model says that the potential use of a good or service at a location is directly related to the population and inversely related to the distance people must travel.
        4. Central Place Theory
        a). Very important!!
        b). Developed by Walter Christaller in 1930s based on his studies of southern Germany
        c). Adapted to USA by Brian Berry, et al. in 1950s
        d). Theory applies most clearly to Great Plains area of USA which has few physical barriers
        e). Size of cities is determined by geographic location
        f). The largest city in a region is at the center of the region
                g). Hexagons can be drawn around the central part of a city which define the market area or hinterland
        h). Surrounding the largest city and its hinterland are smaller settlements known as towns (which also have hinterlands); towns are surrounded by villages (and hinterlands); villages are surrounded by hamlets (and hinterlands)
        i). People who live near edges of the hexagon-shaped hinterlands may go to other markets
        j). Theory implies that once a large city has established its marketplace,...

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