Hoover Dam Case Study Step One-Summary of the case situation In the early 1930’s it was decided there was a need to build a dam. The purpose of the dam was to prevent flooding and provide irrigation and hydroelectric power. The US Bureau of Reclamination was responsible for creating plans to build the dam. There were two locations that were reviewed to build the dam. The dam was to be a statement that there was nothing too big for the United States to take on.
Through the years, residents and visitors alike have found the Chesapeake imposing yet hospitable. The Chesapeake is one of this country's most valuable natural treasures. Even after centuries of intensive use, the Bay remains a highly productive natural resource. It supplies millions of pounds of seafood, functions as a major hub for shipping and commerce, provides natural habitat for wildlife and offers a variety of recreational opportunities for residents and visitors, but Prevention is necessary to control many problems in the Chesapeake Bay. Prevention can range from something as big as a government issue or as small as a single person helping out.
This opened the door to a series of affirmative action policies that would change the way business and government carry out their basic functions. A few years later, the federal government set goals for its departments with respect to the amount of federally contracted dollars it should award to minority-owned businesses. In 1995 the Supreme Court was asked to decide the constitutionality of affirmative action regulations that supported the government in reaching its goals. The case that would change the way affirmative action regulations are interpreted is called Adarand v. Peña. In 1989 Mountain Gravel and Construction Company (Mountain Gravel) was awarded a $1 million prime contract from the Department of Transportation (DOT) to build highways in southwestern Colorado.
Secondly, the area has several faults running through the area where the proposed facility was to be built. Constant shaking of the ground is going to do damage to any structure in the area. Finally, the water source underneath the facility may be needed in the future to provide water to metropolitan areas. Radioactive waste is dangerous wherever it is stored. I believe that placing these materials in an area which is unstable would just be a mistake.
WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT The Clean Water Act is the major national law in the US that governs water pollution. The act was enacted in 1972 and established goals of reducing releases of high quantities of toxic substances into rivers, eradicating further water pollution by 1985, and making sure that surface waters would meet standards that are basic for human recreation and sports by 1983.The major performing body of law is based on the Federal Water Pollution Control Amendments of 1972- a major extension of the Federal Water Pollution regulation Act of 1948. Key amendments were passed in the Clean Water Act of 1977 and the Water Quality Act of 1987.Although water pollution act addresses various issues regarding water, Clean Water Act do not address directly pollution of groundwater. Groundwater protection laws are included in the Superfund act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and Safe Drinking Water Act. History of the Water pollution control Act The first major law in United States to address issues of water pollution was the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1948 (Pub.
Congress, in the Raker Act of 1913, to construct a dam and reservoir on the Tuolumne River in Hetch Hetchy Valley in Yosemite National Park. The O'Shaughnessy Dam was completed in 1923 and, after the necessary pipelines and power houses were completed, San Francisco began using water from the Hetch Hetchy Reservoir for its water supply and electrical power generation. In 1987, following Secretary of the Interior Donald Hodel's proposal to restore Hetch Hetchy Valley, the Sierra Club's Board of Directors reaffirmed its "historic and fundamental opposition to the damming of the Tuolumne River in Yosemite National Park," and called upon "all interests to take an open minded, long view of this issue, and to study and assess alternatives to meeting their needs and concerns through alternative sources of water, power and revenues." Hetch Hetchy Valley, in the Grand Canyon of the Tuolulmne River, should be restored to its natural condition in order to allow "one of nature's rarest and most precious mountain temples" to be available for public enjoyment, to be reintegrated into its natural ecological and biological systems, and to provide for scientific
Stony Island Wind Farm Proposal Overview: The proposed Stony Island Wind Farm is to be situated 20 miles west of the City of Watertown, NY, in Lake Ontario. The project will consist of 3 Siemens 2.3-93 rated at 2.3 MW each and 4 Vestas V-90 wind turbines rated at 3.0 MW each, producing up to 19 MW of electricity in total. The Vestas turbines will have a hub height of 80 meters above ground level and the Siemens turbines will have a hub height of 100 meters above ground level. The wind turbines will be erected for the purpose of capturing energy from the wind, a renewable resource, and converting it into clean, useable electricity. This electricity will be transported to end-users via interconnection facilities, including transformers and distribution lines, some of which shall cross Lake Ontario underwater for about 3.2miles.
The Clean Water Act put into effect new standards for industrial waste water (EPA, 2013). There was no more random dumping in bodies of water. It became illegal to dump industrial waste water without a permit (EPA, 2013). Several provisions were set in place to ensure that the water went through certain types of filtration before it could go into a body of water (EPA, 2013). This act was established to protect all aspects of the nation’s bodies of water (PBS, 2002).
What is meant by a “rights-based approach” to water? Companies that take a rights-based approach to water consider all human rights (civil, political, economic, social, and cultural) when they set or implement water-related policies. In addition, the approach values certain principles when decisions are made and applied: these include non-discrimination and equality; participation and empowerment; and accountability and transparency. Do the responsibilities of
Another way to generate hydropower is by creating a storage system where water is collected by dams that can direct water into the penstock to turn the generator when the demand for electricity is high. The water being held back by the dam becomes lakes that can be used for boating and fishing. The rivers beyond the dam can be used for whitewater rafting and kayaking spots. A perfect example of this is the Hoover dam, built in 1936 between Arizona and Nevada. Lake Mead provides 112 miles of recreation, including boating and fishing.