For example, H.M. had brain surgery to cure severe epilepsy but this resulted in him being unable to transfer information from STM to LTM so that he could not form long term memories, supporting the concept that there are separate stores. Other evidence to support this model comes from medical technology such as MRI and PET scans which show different brain patterns when patients are performing tasks associated with STM and LTM, therefore showing there are separate stores in memory. However, the multi – store model shows low ecological validity as it is usually carried out in a lab. This is an artificial environment and also the information
Each store encodes information in different ways, with the short-term store visually and acoustically encoding information, and the long-term store using semantic processing (giving information meaning). The multi-store model does not take into account people with brain damage or amnesia. For example, a man called KF was studied, who had brain damage. When he was asked to repeat after the researcher, he was unable to do it, (acoustic) but when he was asked to say what he could see in the picture, he was able to do it (visual). This suggests that the short-term store does not use acoustic processing, but visual.
The first task used the central executive in the form of a simple sentence verification task. The second process involved the central executive and the phonological loop, requiring participants to repeat a specific word whilst simultaneously working out the sentence verification task. The third process, involved participants saying random numbers whilst simultaneously completing the sentence verification task. Baddeley, (1974). Hitch and Baddeley discovered that the time taken on the third task was significantly longer than the other tasks.
SPEECH DEEP-BRAIN STIMULATION History SLIDE 1: Deep Brain Stimulation began with the treatment of Parkinson’s. The practice evolved from the process of burning areas of the brain where tremors from the disease were occurring. Instead of destroying the brain tissue, deep-brain stimulation sends electrodes to these areas which emit low-voltage pulses of electricity 24 hours a day. The electrical pulses were found to block the disruptive neurones caused in Parkinson’s disease. These pulses slow down the activity in the targeted areas of the brain that are overactive in the case of Parkinson’s.
ACTIVITY REPORT WITH EXPERT WITNESS TESTIMONY | Description of Activity Pricing Bureau | Date 09/07/10 | Page No 77 | After we had sent the end of month prescriptions off, we received some returned prescriptions back from the pricing bureau because they did not have enough information on the endorsement. I checked on the computer system for some using F7 for information or in the Drug Tariff for extra information if needed. Any I was unsure about I confirmed with the pharmacist what information to write on them so as to endorse them correctly.Some of the endorsing on the prescriptions is claimed for by the branded name instead of the generic name, it is the same drug but the branded name is more expensive which is why the brand name and pack size should be indicated when endorsing. For example Escitalopram is the generic name whereas Cipralex is the branded name and therefore more expensive even though it is the same drug.One of the returned prescriptions was for 5ml Haloperidol Liquid with an endorsement of ‘Ex 100 AAH’. I completed the endorsement required at the bottom of the form by writing exactly what it was we dispensed and the manufacturer ‘5ml Ex 100ml Dozic Liquid Sugar Free 5mg/5ml (Rosemont)’I completed the information on all the prescriptions and returned them back to the pricing bureau so the company would be paid for them.
Anwar’s daily visits to his allotment dwindled to once a week and when he was there found less work was being done. Hansa became increasingly concerned and urged Anwar to go the doctor but he felt she was overreacting, forgetting that he is no longer a young man. (Open University, 2012, p71) Anwar noticed problems with his eyesight and decided to get stronger glasses at the chemist. However when the Optometrist tested his eyes, he said there were worrying signs of degeneration and insisted he should visit his doctor urgently and get further tests to check what was causing the deterioration; but Anwar was reluctant. Iqbal his son
As the doctors and Gage were conversing about the event that just happened, Dr Harlow had been taking on some notes about Gage's behaviour while chatting. Some of the notes are as follows: 'I did not believe Mr Gage's statement at the time, but thought he was deceived. Mr Gage persisted in saying that the rod went through his head.' Harlow had thought this as he believed that it is humanely impossible to survive such damage to the brain. The doctors then examined Gage's injury once more and observed that the rod first hit a small area under the zygomatic arch (cheek) then its path went through to the orbital bone, located on the base of the skull and under and behind the eye socket.
The patient then sees Dr. Zuger again after a month and he felt a lot better. There are many questions we can pose to the outcome of this situation. Did the patient truly stop taking the medication or did he take the remaining medication from the prior prescription because he felt so bad? If the patient did get better without the medication the doctor prescribed why did the doctor prescribe it? Did the
Doctors have also used antidepressant, antipsychotic, and mood stabilizing drugs to help people suffering from Cotard delusions to believe that they are alive. Many patients who recover from this rare mental disorder still believe that they were dead during that time period. They are in recovery because they believe they are alive now, not because they recognize they were not
He had assessed Mr Brooks capacity using the two part diagnostic and functional capacity test outlined in the MCA 2005 Code of Practice (s4 (11) to s 4 (25). Although Mr Brooks was able to repeatedly communicate his wish to return home, he was unable to understand and retain important information about his condition and need for support. This undermined his ability to weigh up risks associated with leaving the ward, for example in relation to traffic or getting lost. He was therefore assessed as not having capacity related to this decision. Mental health assessment This assessment is carried out by a section 12 doctor, or ‘an appropriately qualified and experienced registered medical practitioner’ (4.35 DoLS CoP 2008).