Even though social learning approach and behaviorist approach were made to make us understand how human behaviour works either by modeling or rewards and punishments from environment that we live on, they not just have advantages but also have disadvantages. Some of the strengths of the social learning approach is that it’s an experiment therefore it's suitable when trying to measure human behaviour, we can easy understand his accurate method, realistic view of people and concern with the social implications in human behaviour. One of the biggest disadvantages of this approach is that does not take into account physical and mental changes of the person and does not take in account that people can see one only situation from different point of view for example some people think that be a musician is something rewarded, but other may think that is a loss of time. On the other hand we have the behaviourist approach that suggest that the human behaviour depends of what we learn by association or as a result of reinforcement, this theory has successfully applied classical and operant conditioning to its theories, we can easily understand is accurate method, for example one the experiments are objective, measurable and observable. An example of this is Bandura's bobo doll study of aggression with children.
As societal patterns change and influence everyone and everything around them, they may not affect many as badly as they affect others. We therefore need the ability to see things through other people’s perspectives, to understand their point of view and how society affects it. This is done by using ones “Sociological Imagination” otherwise known as your sociological perspective. It enables us to see life through the eyes of others and understand where they are coming from. C. Wright Mills wrote that the task of sociology is to understand the relationship between an individual and the society they live in.
Social Psychology and Multicultural Psychology Paper Define social psychology. With the mind being the axis in which social behavior pivots around, social psychologists will study what the relationship is between a person’s mind and their social behavior. Social psychology it will try to attempt to understand what the relationship is between the mind, social groups, and social behavior in three different ways. The first way would be that they try to understand how people’s thoughts, their feelings, and their behaviors, will be influenced by the actual presence, the imagined presence, or even the implied presence of other people. The second way would be to try to understand what the influence is on a person’s perception and on their behavior when it comes to the behavior of a social group.
This is a limitation of their study because the 'lower IQ' students are getting ignored/not the main focus to the teacher so these students will not improve as much. This can lead to poor relationships between teach and some lower ability students because they are judged negatively and put into lower sets, they are labelling them. The teachers focus and pay more attention to the ideal pupil, the pupils seen as the ones who clearly have the ability and potential to do well. Subcultures also have an effect on educational achievement of individuals; they can be created due to different social characteristics of individuals such as class, ethnicity, gender, youth
Nikhita Sagar AS Psychology Miss Mahmoud “Describe and evaluate explanations of conformity” 12 marks Normative social influence is the need to be liked and accepted by others in the group. Other people are usually looked to in a group to identify behavior that leads to group acceptance – this may result in the person publicly changing their behavior/views but privately disagreeing/having their own opinions. This is because humans are social creatures and have a fundamental need for social companionship and a fear of rejection. The majority may also control other group members by making it difficult to deviate from majority point of view, therefore exerting pressure on them to conform. This type of social influence is also known as compliance and has been demonstrated in research by Asch, where participants clearly felt uncomfortable deviating from the majority position.
Starpower has illustrated several social psychological principles which were not only present during the game, but are also highly relevant within our contemporary society. These principles through empirical research are the concepts of perception and attribution processes, role playing and simulation. It is with these concepts that allow social and cognitive psychologists to examine why we behave and think the way we think about the social world. How do we interpret and analyse the information we encounter? Are the truth(s) we discover reliable, or are we all biased and influenced by our own feelings and pre-existing knowledge.
Informational social influence occurs when there is no obvious answer to a question. In this situation people often turn to each other for guidance and tend to mimic each others actions. This makes people conform to a group norm in an ambiguous situation. A study by Sherif (1935) using the autokenetic affect gave validity to his research on conformity `in human behaviour. The study began with participant being tested individually and then in groups of three in a laboratory setting.
Faults of Standardized Tests Standardized tests are exams designed to measure a student’s scholastic performance. These tests are an argumentative issue, because some people feel the test do not show the student’s intelligence. I am one of these people. What the test may cover may not be what the students have learned in class. As a student you learn more about what the teacher views as important, but are evaluated on by what the state thinks is important.
In case studies there is an aim rather than a hypothesis like an experiment has, which indicates what the psychologist intend to find out and the reason for their investigations. Case studies are also often used to help individuals through a longitudinal study, where the research was collect over a space of time. For example, in the case of Genie, the aim was to try and develop as an individual and protect her from further psychological harm. Whereas in an experiment null, one-tailed or two-tailed hypotheses are made to predict conclusions. Freud used a variety of qualitative methods of data collection, such as, free association, dream analysis and slips of the tongue to uncover unconscious desires, often including death and sexual references.
The basic principles of social cognition, a sub-topic within the field of social psychology, focus on how people process, store, and apply information about other people and social situations. Specifically, it focuses on the role that cognitive processes play in our social interactions. The way we think about others can play a major role in how we think, feel, and interact with the world around us (Bless, Fiedler, and Strack, 2004). Theater and cinema attempt to display these interactions and processes of social cognition, oftentimes depicting it accurately and accordingly with research findings, while other times its representation can be contradictory. In the 2012 film Safety Not Guaranteed numerous social cognitive principles are represented, three of which are this paper’s focus: fundamental attribution error, the effect of mood on decision making (heuristics), and the human tendency to seek consistency (and the dissonance created when it is not).