P4 -Explain how national initiatives promote anti- discriminatory practice
The Disability Discrimination Act 2005
The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) 1995 aims to end the discrimination that faces many people with disabilities. This Act has been significantly extended, including by the Disability Discrimination (NI) Order 2006 (DDO). It now gives people with disabilities rights in the areas of:
-Access to goods, facilities and services, including larger private clubs and transport services
-Buying or renting land or property, including making it easier for people with disabilities to rent property and for tenants to make disability-related adaptations
-Functions of public bodies, for example issuing of licences
The legislation requires public bodies to promote equality of opportunity for people with disabilities. It also allows the government to set minimum standards so that people with disabilities can use public transport easily.
This promotes anti- discriminatory practice because it is giving the opinion that everyone should have equal opportunities regardless of their physical status/ capability or mental status. This legislation is here to protect the disabled from being discriminated against in the most important parts of life; employment, education, access to facilities, buying and renting property and licences, this in turn makes the lives of the disabled a lot more positive and enjoyable.
The Data Protection Act
The Data Protection Act (DPA) is a law designed to protect personal data stored on computers or in an organised paper filing system.
During the second half of the 20th century, businesses, organisations and the government began using computers to store information about their customers, clients and staff in databases. For example: names, addresses, contact information, employment history, medical conditions, convictions, credit history.
With more and more organisations using computers to store and process...