P2 Public Health Essay

417 WordsJun 12, 20142 Pages
Current Patterns In this article there will be a description of current patterns of ill health the life expectancy of individuals is raising and obesity is rising. There will also Obesity is becoming more frequent amongst adults and children in England today. Data from 2011 shows that 24.8% of adults (16 or over) and 16.3% of children (2 -15) are obese. The government also predict that 60% of men, 50% of women and 25% of children in Britain will be obese by 2050. Being obese can have major effects on ill health. Such as type 2 diabetes, Heart disease, High blood pressure, Arthritis, Gallstones, Indigestion, Some cancers (eg, breast and prostate cancers), Snoring and sleep apnoea, Stress, anxiety, depression and Infertility. The government has also claimed in a report recently that obesity will cost the NHS £6.4bn per year by 2015. In the policy released in March 2013 the government sets out ways of tackling the problem. They would like to see a downward trend by 2020. There will be more emphasis on making healthier choices and being more active. Individuals will be able to access advice via the change 4 life programme. They are also developing food packaging so that people can make healthier choices and it is clear what the food contains. They are also asking business to include calorie content on their menus to help make wiser choices. Obesity is monitored in several ways Health Survey for England (HSE). This is carried out annually a measure of health and health related behaviour in adults and children living in private households in England. The Quality and Outcome Framework (QOF) has a register of obesity in general practice it is based on patients aged 16 and over with a BMI greater than or equal to 30 recorded in the previous 15 months. z Neighbourhood Statistics: Model-based Estimates These estimates of adult obesity (and other lifestyle

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