P2 Psychology Essay

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P2| Psychoanalysis Freud According to Freud, a young child has only one to three basic personality components that they will eventually have when they are an adult. These are three elements of personality are known as the id, ego and superego, these work together to create complex human behaviours.  The id is the sources of all psychic energy, making it the primary component of personality [instincts]  Ego is the component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. [balance between id and the superego]  Super ego is the aspect of personality that helps to control the instinct [conscious] Example: Id: the child takes a ball from another child Ego: the child that took the ball knows that taking a ball from another child is wrong. Superego: the child that took the ball from the other child, he goes to give it back. Erickson| Erickson agrees with Freud regarding the Id, Ego, Superego, conscious and unconscious but unlike him doesn’t see it in a sexual way, but in a social way. Erickson’s psychosocial stages are: Basic trust vs. mistrust- this stage is from birth to 1 year and it is about attachment with mother to empower him so therefore if the child builds trust in himself. According to Erickson he will build relationships with other in later life. Autonomy vs. shame and doubt- this stage is from 2 to 3 years and this is about a sense of independence to the child without repeated failure, because if there is repeated failure that he would not be able to do new things. Initiative vs. guilt- this stage is from 4 to 5 years. According to Erickson to master new cognitive skills such as open ended questions. The ones who will respond to the open ended questions are the ones who have trust in themselves. Example of trust: if the care giver builds an attachment with the child, there will be trust from both sides. Then this leads to the

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