P1: Use Sociological Terminology to Explain the Principal Sociological Perspectives

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P1: Use sociological terminology to explain the principal sociological perspectives In this essay I will be discussing different aspects of sociological perspectives in society. I will be mentioning three main sociological perspective; Functionalism, Marxists , The New Right and Feminism and their views on the family, the education system and gender etc. Functionalists Functionalists are positive about society. They generalise their ideas to the whole of society. For example they look at what education does for society as a whole not just certain people in society. Functionalists also believe that society is based on consensus, i.e. we are all socialised to agree on norms and values. Functionalists believe that each part of society has a function to make sure that society runs smoothly and everything stays in harmony. For example education has a function to make sure people are educated and conform to works place norms. Functionalist sees the family as an important sub system. For example George Peter Murdock argues that the family performs four important functions; stable satisfaction of the sex drive, preproduction of the next generation, socialisation of the young and meeting its member’s economic needs. Other sociologists have criticised Murdock’s functionalist approach. Marxists and feminists reject his consensus view that the family meets the needs of both wider society and all members of the family. Feminists see the family as serving the needs of men and oppressing women. Marxists argue that it meets the needs of capitalism, not those of the family or society. Functionalists believe that education create a sense of belonging amongst pupils as the curriculums emphasis on British history integrates pupils into feeling there part of a larger heritage. Talcott Parsons sees the unconditional love of the family alongside meritocratic education as a huge
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