P1: Psychological Perspective

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P1: Psychological Perspective Behaviourism Perspective 1. Classical Behaviourism is a term used to define how we learn. Through this we believe that we can learn and unlearn response, that everything we have ie fears are learnt. There are two theories which support this but for now we are only looking at the one classical conditioning. This means we can learn new behaviours though association (produced over and over again) which just means two stimulus are linked together to create a new response a good example of this is Pavlov dogs. When the dogs were presented with food they salivate this is a natural behaviour which hadn’t been taught Pavlov then started to notice the dogs would salivate at the sight of their bowl or footsteps at the kennel before food was presented. This intrigued Pavlov so he introduced the sound of a bell when the dogs were given their food. The dogs started to connect the bell with food. When Pavlov rang the bell the dogs would salivate thus a new response was learnt. You could also unlearn this response by ringing the bell but not giving the dogs food this time they wouldn’t connect the bell with food. My own personal example is when I get poked in the side of my ribs. I hate this but it has happen that much now if someone pretends to poke me I will jump every time. 2. Operant Behaviourism is a term used to define how we learn. It’s a theory of learning that a person’s behaviour can be altered though conditioning (classical & operant). Operant conditioning is a theory that moderates behaviour though giving an award or punishment. Behaviour that’s seen as acceptable results in positive reinforcement which is a pleasurable reward, so behaviour is repeated. If behaviour is seen as unacceptable then positive punishment (behaviour is punished decreasing chance that its repeated) or negative punishment (removal of something
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