P1 and P3 - Additional Needs

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P1. ADHD One of the reasons why a person may need addition needs is because they have ADHD. This is a cognitive need. ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. ADHD is one of the most common childhood disorders and can carry on through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behaviour and hyperactivity. Scientists are not sure what causes ADHD, but many studies suggest that genes are a factor. In addition to genetics, researchers are looking at possible environmental factors, and are studying how brain injuries, nutrition, and the social environment might cause ADHD. Children who have suffered a brain injury may show some behaviour similar to those of ADHD. However, only a small percentage of children with ADHD have suffered a brain injury. P3 Additional help that someone with ADHD may need is guidance and understanding from their parents and teachers to reach their full potential and to succeed in school. Before a child is diagnosed, frustration, blame, and anger may have built up within the family. Parents and children may need help to overcome the bad feelings. Mental health professionals can educate parents about ADHD and how it impacts a family. They also will help the child and his or her parents develop new skills, attitudes, and ways of relating to each other. Downs Syndrome Down syndrome, also known as Down’s syndrome, is a genetic condition that usually causes some level of learning disability and a range of physical features. Most babies born with Down syndrome are diagnosed after birth and will be likely to have hypotonia which is reduced muscle tone leading to floppiness, eyes that slant upwards and outwards, palmar crease which is when their palm may have only one crease across it, a below average weight and length at birth. Down syndrome is one of

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