Overtime and It's Effects on Sleep Patterns

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Introduction During the last couple decades, companies have down-sized and the employees left are often tasked with additional workload. A result is that overtime is becoming prevalent in today’s society all across the world. Overtime can be defined as time in addition to what is normal or the amount of time worked beyond one’s scheduled working hours. As such, what are the effects of working overtime on an employee’s stress levels, specifically on their sleep patterns. Many studies on overtime and its effects on stress have primarily looked at employees working 50 or more hours per week. In my research, I focused on studies and research on these studies. There was also very little research on overtime and its effects on sleep patterns however lots of research exists on stress and sleep patterns. I wanted to find the link between working overtime and its effects on sleep patterns. There is a direct link between the number of hours worked and the number of hours an employee sleeps 1. Overtime and the Stress Link Overtime can be voluntary or involuntary. Overtime can also be paid or not paid as compensation but it should be noted there is research that shows the more an employee earns, the more likely they are to work overtime 1. Many white-collar employees tend to work overtime to show dedication to their employer or to reduce their outstanding workload. Others may feel it is necessary as a result of a recent promotion. Alternatively, overtime can also be a result of travel, poor time-management skills and workaholism 2. Studies have produced mixed results linking long work hours to increasing stress levels. This is primarily due to differentiating stress caused from long work hours versus other external factors and one’s ability to cope with stress. In these studies, work characteristics appear to be the greatest determining factor for the differences in

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