Outline the Theoretical Conceptions of Power You Have Been Introduced to and Assess How They Help You to Understand Power in Both the Public and Private Spheres.

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The aim of this paper is to discuss theoretical conceptions of power, and analyze how they help us to understand power in both the public and private spheres. I will begin by looking at some examples that describe power in the best possible way. I will then move on to give examples of power in public and private spheres. “Power, in its broadest sense, is the ability to achieve a desired outcome. This includes everything from the ability to keep oneself alive, to the ability of government to promote economic growth” (Heywood, 2007, p.7). To keep oneself alive, as quoted above, is an example of power in a private sphere; to use power to promote economic growth, is an example of power in a public sphere. I will discuss examples of these in my essay. Power is everywhere in the world around us. Power relationships affect all parts of life in our society. In order for society to function, people must abide by rules set in place by people in authority, be it a teacher, a parent, or a manager. Power “is the ability to control outcomes” (Cini and Boragan, 2010, p.450) There are many different ways in which A is capable of influencing B, which brings us to the different views, or faces, of power; in other words, the different dimensions of power (Heywood, 2007). Hard and Soft Power “Hard power is the ability to influence others through the use of reward and threats” (Heywood, 2007, p.450). An example of hard power in the public sphere would be the war raging between the Israelis and the Palestinians. The Israelis are trying to invade Palestinian land to gain power, using violent tactics (threats). The Israelis are financially powerful, and therefore have the ability to control Palestinians. An example of hard power in a private sphere would be a parent persuading their child not to go to a disco, by threatening that they will be grounded if they go. The

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