Before the widespread establishment of chattel slavery (outright ownership of the slave), much labor was organized under a system of bonded labor known as indentured servitude. This typically lasted for several years for white and black alike, and it was a means of using labor to pay the costs of transporting people to the colonies. By the 18th century, court rulings established the racial basis of the American incarnation of slavery to apply chiefly to Black Africans and people of African descent, and occasionally to Native Americans. A 1705 Virginia law stated slavery would apply to those peoples from nations that were not Christian. In part because of the success of tobacco as a cash crop in the Southern colonies, its labor-intensive character caused planters to import more slaves for labor by the end of the 17th century than did the northern colonies.
By 1819 new states were all being added as slave states. Missouri in 1821 which was not part of the original N.W and S.W ordinance was a new slave state. Planters thanks to Eli Whitney, were now able to grow different types of cotton that was better suited for the internal lands of the U.S. Northern states were worried about the increasing slave states because it meant that there was a growing southern power in the house of Reperesentves. In 1821 Missouri was admitted into the union in 1820 because of the Missouri compromise. This meant for the admission of Main as a free state.
By 1785 the power shifted to the moderate class when social equality was gained. Also in 1765 the wealthy and well-to-do had the majority of the power in Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina. The southern colonies had the same change happen as the northern colonies in 1785. The well-to-do and the moderate classes gained most of the power. Overall, those are a couple of reasons why social equality was a major contributor to the radical revolutionary movement.
("Cotton “) The South controlled Britain because 75% of Britain's cotton came from the South. (The Planter "Aristocracy") The antebellum South was more of an oligarchy-a government ran by a few. The government was heavily affected by the planter aristocracy. The dominance of aristocracy in the South widened the gap between the rich and poor because the aristocrats made all the decisions in their favor in government. The Southern plantation wife commanded the female slaves.
The Evolution of Democracy from Jefferson to Jackson Political To what extent was universal white manhood suffrage achieved? Jeffersonian Democracy – In Jeffersonian democracy, most states required white males to own property in order to vote. Jacksonian Democracy – Under Jacksonian Democracy, every state allowed white males to vote, even if they didn’t have property, except for the state of Rhode Island. Which citizens were considered eligible for office holding? Jeffersonian Democracy – Women were not eligible for office holding, for Jefferson often questioned their intelligence.
Type of Change Example of One Change Caused by the Civil War and Reconstruction Example of One Challenge to Change Politica l Blacks In America Became Citizens and had the right to vote. the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments Congress passing the 15th amendment Econo mic Sharecropping instead of slave labor to produce cotton The Freedman’s Bureau Social Planter Aristocracy in the South replaced by a political elite of incoming northerners. Town, Factories, and Fields were destroyed 1. Which type of change—political, social, or economic—had the most impact on Southern life? The Reconstruction era after the civil war had the most impact on Southern life because it was
But in that time "men" referred to white male property owners. Over time the government considered all white men equal, and then black men were also included in this category. And yet after yet some more time, women were soon provided the same rights as men. Gradually, was political power taken out of the hands of the wealthy and members of the Senate determined by popular vote. This power went directly to the people, not only that of the upper class.
This was resolved with each slave being counted as 3/5 of a free person. 3. The invention of the cotton gin made southern states more dependent on slavery because the production of this crop increased by so much and they needed someone to pick it. 4. If the existence of slavery in the South was not the major factor that led to the Civil War, the issue that did lead the South to choosing to secede from the union was whether new states would have slavery or not.
Republican Control of the South - Text Version After the Civil War, the Democratic Party's political control in the South was squashed by the emergence of a Republican majority, fueled by the votes of newly enfranchised African Americans. One plantation manager wrote, "You never saw a people more excited on the subject of politics than are the African Americans of the South." Many of the early African American political leaders were those who were educated before the war, such as Hiram Revels, a Methodist Minister and the first African American elected to the U.S. Senate. Within a few years there were former leaders and enslaved workers at all levels of Southern governing. Many southerners exaggerated that these Black Republicans were controlling the destiny of the South.