An individual’s response to their environment can appear as though it is an impulse act. This occurs because information is transmitted to the mind, is processed immediately, and the behavior is the result of completion. Cognition involves discovering, recognizing, studying, investigating, learning, or making decisions (Ruisel, 2010). It is composed of the ways that the mind functions, thinks, and uses information that results in an individual’s behavior. Interdisciplinary Perspective Cognitive psychology is a branch of psychology;
It wouldn’t be wrong to say that, the main reason behind how people behave in a certain manner is due to the way they perceive, think, learn and remember things. The behaviour of a person depends on these factors. In other words, a person’s behaviour depends on the cognitive process of the brain. The study of this cognitive process is known as cognitive psychology (Sternberg & Sternberg, 2012). The process through which we make sense of the world around us can be understood by studying two different key concepts known as Sensation and Perception (Baron, 2001).
A cognitive viewpoint is important for the appreciation that reclines inside the person's cognition, that is, conscious power, and they should be capable of describing how to develop information and come up with conclusions. It is founded on the initiative that any dispensation of information is arbitrated by a coordination of sorts or theories of which the device for processing information is a world representation, whether it is figurative or perceptual. A cognitive point of view outlooks the mind of a person as a machine that processes information first and foremost through a sensory input, then internalizing or thinking as termed otherwise and outputting by verbalization. The origin of more information behavior theory focuses on the three procedures. Cognitive psychology in times gone by viewed these three procedures as self-governing, but has of late regarded them as mutually dependent.
‘Human behavior and performance are the result of multiple influences.’ Examine and assess this assertion, drawing on examples from Chapters 1, 6 and 7 of Discovering Psychology. How a human behaves and performs is influenced by a variety of internal and external influences. This essay will outline and assess influences that are related to the formation of language, personality and friendship. This will be achieved by evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of evidence collated from studies and experiments. This essay will aim to conclude that the theory of influences does affect human behavior and performance.
Output clauses say what sorts of behaviour are caused by mental states. The internal role clauses describe the internal interactions of mental states. The second clause functionalists agree on, is that mental states are inner states that occupy the roles specified by the previously explained clauses. The third and final clause they agree upon is the notion of multiple realizability. This is the idea that these roles are all played
By understanding the concepts of the each theories a person can see how they can affect the social institution, such as the family, differently and can present a more much better understanding of the concepts as they apply to reality. What are the Sociological theories? Functionalism, the Conflict Theory, and Interactionism comprise the three main sociological theories. These theories affect the way people think and perceive the world around them. As a result, the development, nature and understanding of different social institutions, including the family, health-care systems, religion, education, media, politics and economy, are determined or affected by these three social theories.
Information is received through our senses, encoded and entered into the memory system where it is stored. Our ability to reconstruct and retrieve these memories efficiently and effectively is dependent on the way they were constructed and stored. There are many factors that may affect these processes such as knowledge, strategies, past experience, expectations and context. The development of theories that view memory as being constructive and reconstructive, has made a important contribution to the understanding of ‘self’ – that is who we are -and this essay aims to explore this, evaluating some of the factors which influence the way memories are constructed and reconstructed and looking at the evidence supporting the validity of these factors. Memory plays such a wide-ranging role in our lives that we are inclined to take it for granted until an incident of forgetting or some other malfunction.
Essay #1 Information is stored in memory and is brought to bear in order to make sense of the world. According to the our text, the process by which different individuals makes sense of the world and construe their immediate reality, are based on emotional and behavioral reactions that as they unfold are influenced by the our mental representations, or schemas. Schemas allow individuals to organize, interpret and make sense of situations, themselves and access their own psychological states, and other people as well. Schemas allow us to categorize and group information about experiences ideas, people. It serves to organize and simplify vast amounts of information efficiently so that it can be used quickly to make inferences about people and decisions.
THEORIES OF LEARNING: Piaget’s Theory of Intellectual Development. Piaget’s theory has two main parts, the first relates to how knowledge is acquired, and the second deals with the particular order in which different ways of thinking develop(Nixon & Aldwinckle, 2002).Piaget suggests that intelligence is adaptation, and as we begin to experience our environment we must adjust to it. Piaget also reflects that humans are naturally predisposed in acquiring information in an order that makes sense to survive in the world (Nixon & Aldwinckle, 2002). Piaget also explains the term “schemata” as the way we mentally organize our experiences of the world, and adaptation occurs as a result of assimilation and accommodation, which is the process of responding to new events, or objects, using existing mental structures (Nixon & Aldwinckle, 2002). Piaget’s theory of intellectual development is broken down into four stages; Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete operational, and Formal operational (Nixon & Aldwinckle, 2002).
The NLP Communication Model Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) is about the ability to discover and change the way we communicate (internally, with ourselves, and externally, with others) in order to achieve our specific and desired outcomes. The NLP communication model is based on cognitive psychology and was developed by John Grinder and Richard Bandler. According to the NLP communication model, when someone behaves in a certain way (their external behaviour), a chain reaction is set up within you (your internal response), which in turn causes you to respond in some way (your external behaviour), which then creates a chain reaction within the other person (their internal response), and the cycle continues. The internal representations that we make about an outside event are not necessarilythe event itself.Typically, what happens is that there is an external event and we run that eventthrough our internal processing. We make an Internal Representation (I/R) of thatevent.