Outline the Principles That Define the Cognitive Level of Analysis

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Outline principles that define the cognitive level of analysis. This essay will give a brief summary of the principles that define the cognitive level of analysis. The cognitive level of analysis (CLA) is based on how mental processes such as perception, attention, language, memory and thinking in the brain processes information. It concerns the way we take in information from the outside world, how we make sense of that information and what use we make of it. There are three underlying principles that define the CLA: Human beings are information processors and that mental representations guide behaviour, mental processes can and should be studied scientifically by developing theories and by using a variety of research methods, Social and cultural factors affect cognitive processes. Purpose of the principles is that the principles are the main ideas that have driven focused research on specific areas of behaviour and cognition. They also allow us to understand how behaviour can be influenced by cognitive processes and cognition refers to a process that is based on one's mental representations of the world, such as images, words and concepts. People likewise have different experiences and therefore each individual will have different mental representations of the world. Cognitive psychologists believe that mental processes and stored representations of the world determine behaviour and are central to human experience. Psychologists see the mind as a complex machine – where they believe that it is useful to model mental processes using an information-processing approach whereby: Information is examined from the outside world is received and encoded, Storage and representation of this information to ourselves, Ways in which this information is manipulated and used by the individual, And how we output information back into the world to be received by others. Many

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