Outline Some of the Ways in Which Marketization and Selection Policies May Produce Social Class Differences in Educational Achievement (12 Marks)

336 Words2 Pages
Marketisation is the policy of introducing market forces of supply and demand into areas run by the state, such as education. Since the education reform act in 1988 the government has been implementing business ideas into education- for example schools are made to compete for students and do this by achieving top spots on league tables through their GCSE results. Teachers label students very quickly as achievers or non-achievers, this is usually decided based upon a student’s social class or ethnicity. Working class students are seen as non-achievers and middle class students are seen as achievers. As schools are judged on their percentage of A*-C grades teachers will focus on the ‘achieving’ group of middle class students and will not waste their time helping the ‘hopeless’ group of working class students. This means that whilst the middle class students will be pushed to achieve the top grades, the working class will be left and will underachieve. Another marketisation policy introduced was parentocracy; which literally means ruled by parents. This meant that parents could choose which schools their children went to, which lead to the successful schools will become oversubscribed and many of the failing schools being forced to close. This may mean that the house prices surrounding area (catchment) of the successful schools will increase, as middle class parents move in to try to get their child into the school. This would mean that through middle class economic capital, middle class achievement will improve. Parentocracy also means that as the best schools become over-subscribed they are able to hand-pick the ‘best’ students. Due to a combination of teacher labelling and the A-C economy middle class students are selected over working class students. This is because they are seen as easier to teach and more likely to achieve, due to their middle class
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