A person with dementia may need help with going to the toilet, getting dressed, brushing their teeth and grooming hair and nails. It is quite common for people with dementia to forget about, or lose interest in, personal hygiene. They may neglect basic activities such as bathing and changing their clothes. This can be perplexing and upsetting for a carer. Understanding the cause can help you decide which strategies may be helpful when caring for a person with dementia.
Examples of accidents and/or illnesses What is it and what to do when it happens? Situation | How it can happen? | What to do? | Slip (accident) | Liquids, spillage on the floor or after bath or shower | If you are cleaning an area make sure that you are using signs to warn people about the danger. Place appropriate mats in the bathroom as well as inside/outside the tub bath.
Odours occur from bacteria found on our skin and in our mouths. Taking good care of our skin and mouth helps to protect us infections regular bathing and teeth cleaning can help to protect us from bad odours. Poor personal hygiene is known to cause illness. Poor hygiene can be a sign of mental health issues or low self esteem from isolation from others. 2 Be able to support individuals to maintain personal hygiene Describe how to maintain dignity of an individual when supporting intimate personal hygiene When supporting an individual with intimate personal hygiene it is important to explain to the individual what is going to happen and ensuring that they understand what is going to happen and that they are comfortable with what is going to happen.
| LEARNING OUTCOME | 264 | 2.2, 3.1, 6.4 | What are the main points of the policies and procedures for hand washing?Expose forearms – Bare below the elbowSingle band ringNo bracelets or watchesNails clean and of reasonable lengthNo false nails or nail polishWash with soap and water to remove dirt and micro organisms, or apply alcohol rubWash hands when visibly soiled, contaminated with blood or bodily fluids, after using the toilet, before procedures and before eating. | | | 264 | 3.1, 4.3, 4.4 | What procedures and systems are relevant to the prevention and control of infection?Handwashing – signs for service users and vistors, technique displayed in bathrooms/toilet areasHandgel provided to staff and pumps at main entrance of building.Handwashing used regularly e.g. before interacting with a person, after procedures, before serving food, after using toilet, after blowing nose, whenever visibly soiled, after each shift.Personal protective equipment provided e.g. plastic aprons and gloves for personal care/cleaning activities. New apron/gloves worn between contact with each service user.Uniforms provided to staff – should be clean and well maintained, hair should be tied
It is important for a professional to make sure the corridors are safe for residents to walk through without being in danger but if they have recently mopped the floor it will take a while to dry so it is vital to put a wet sign on the floor so they know to be aware and careful whilst walking. If a resident does fall on a slippery floor it could result with a sprained, bruised or torn muscles or ligaments, whiplash, fractured bones, head injuries, back or neck injuries or broken bones (most common for hand, wrist or forearm for this incident). Leaving equipment or any object in the corridor can be very hazardous in a care home. It can be easily prevented just by moving the object into a safe room or cupboard and could potentially save someone from a serious injury. The harm that could be caused by this hazard is very similar to if a resident slipped on wet flooring, the most likely place of the body to be injured when falling over a piece of equipment would be back, head, neck, wrist or ankle and it could include it being sprained, fractured, bruised or broken.
Personal hygiene means the cleaning and grooming of the external body to make sure the skin, nails and hair are in a good condition. This is done to keep the body and hair clean and free from infections. Through eating, drinking, coughing, sneezing, sweating and elimination of urine and excrement the body needs cleaning to prevent infection, discomfort and odors. 2 Describe the effects of poor personal hygiene on health and well-being Poor personal hygiene can lead to unpleasant body odors, leaving the individual feeling depressed, with low self esteem and low confidence. It can also lead to the individual being isolated by friends.
Since the anxiety is also typically accompanied by medical issues like nausea, body aches, and fatigue it can be difficult to narrow down the cause of the symptoms. Luckily, there are several treatment options for those who have been diagnosed with GAD. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that is commonly used to treat anxiety. CBT is beneficial because it helps the patient recognize when they are misreading events, and forming negative assumptions based on little or no evidence (2011). In addition CBT focuses on the behavioral side of anxiety by offering problem solving skills, setting goals, and establishing priorities.
Routes of infection- • Breaks in the skin • respiratory route • Up the urinary and reproductive systems • Down the digestive tract Our own personal health and hygiene may place others at risk in the workplace as poor health may spread infection to other clients/staff. Poor hygiene can also spread infections in the workplace it is vital everyone’s hygiene is excellent to prevent the spread of infection. The most effective wash to wash your hands Personal protective equipment All care workers should use PPE whenever they are dealing with substances which are hazardous to health. Examples of these substances are cleaning products, bodily fluids and medication. PPE includes disposable gloves, face masks, aprons etc.
It is accepted that a trigger is required for psoriasis to develop and this can be a throat infection, injury to the skin, certain drugs and, importantly, stress of some kind. Research has found that very often there is a significant emotional factor in the triggering of psoriasis, which is why hypnosis has proven so helpful in many cases. Psoriasis can have a negative impact on one’s quality of life, interfering with many different areas. Sleeping may also be a problem. Many people with psoriasis tend to persist with a poor self-image, always thinking negative thoughts about themselves and feeling they “deserve it”.
If toilets, taps and sinks are not cleaned thoroughly and using good cleaning products, in time they can become a source of infection. Clinical waste kept inappropriately and disposed of inappropriately can also be a source of infection. Disposal of sharps has to be done in accordance with the rules. Client’s personal care should be thorough, and any changes noticed should be reported to the person in charge. Sometimes outbreaks of scabies can occur in social care establishments due to poor hygiene.