Outline On Human Origins In Myth And History

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Austin T. Varvel Period 1 9/1/09 Chapter 1 I. The Dry Bones Speak A. Human Origins in Myth and History 1. Early Myths a. Many historians and anthropologists now accept myths as important commentaries. b. One of the earliest stories Enuma Elish epic of the people of Akkad in Mesopotamia. (2000 B.C.E.) c. Rigveda which dates back to 1000 B.C.E., emphasizes the mystical, unknowable qualities of life and its origins. d. Hindu believed that the giant man, chosen by the gods, Purusha made the moon from his mind, and from his eye, the sun was born, and from his breathe, the wind was born. e. The most widely known creation was the Book of Genesis in the Hebrew Bible. f. Hebrews…show more content…
Until the late eighteenth century, these were the only accounts we had of the origins of humans. 2. The Evolution Explanation a. During the eighteenth century, some philosophers began to challenge its belief in the individual, and the special creation of each life form. b. Charles Darwin (1809-82) and Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913), separately come up with the modern day theory of the biological evolution of species. c. Darwin carried out his research 1831-6 aboard the British battleship Beagle especially, in his stay in West Africa. d. Wallace traveled to West Asia; in 1855 he published a paper suggesting a common ancestor for primates and man. e. 1858, both write a joint paper on the basic concepts of evolution. f. Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, a book challenging humankind’s concept of life on earth and our universe. (1859) g. Darwin called the pressure of an organism to compete, survive and reproduce as “natural selection” or “survival of the fittest.” 3. The New Challenges

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