It was believed that he had the power to judge those who had committed crimes, and that he had created the stars as soldiers to destroy the wicked. His attribute was the royal tiara, most times decorated with two pairs of bull horns. He was one of the oldest gods in the Sumerian pantheon, and part of a triad including Enlil, god of the air and Enki, god of water. He was called Anu
Egyptian architecture includes some of the most famous structures in the world. Buildings were generally made for religious purposes. Some of the more famous buildings include the Pyramids of Giza and the temples at Thebes. The ancient Egyptians were very skilled builders, and made there structures with precision and planning. Their temples and pyramids were intended to last forever as tributes to their gods.
The picture in full is represented realistically and the colouring is beautifully detailed. The chair and its exquisite details promote the relationship of the royal couple. From this ornament, archaeologists were able to retrieve a lot of information about what the life of Tutankhamun was like, who he was and who his subjects believed he was, the position he occupied and what his expectations were concerning heaven, earth and the afterlife. The throne follows the Amarna artistic tradition developed under Akhenaten, a Pharaoh that tried to persuade the nation to worship one god, the sun disc Aten. Representing Aten is a solar disc displayed at the top and centre of the seat with life giving rays extending as arms and hands towards Tutankhamun and his Queen.
Cyclene in Arcadia. It is said that Zeus came upon her in the middle of the night and that was when Hermes was conceived. The interesting part of it all is the fact that Hermes was born the day after he was conceived (Regula). Hermes has a long line of family member as well. He has a half brother Apollo who is the God of music, poetry, dance, intellectual, and hunters.
20 June 2013 The Pantheon The Pantheon in Rome is widely regarded as one of the most important buildings in history. Indeed, “the Pantheon represents the highest achievement of Roman architecture, both formally and structurally. It combines boldness, scale, and mastery of every architectural art” (Trachtenberg and Hymen 142). Its impressive architecture left a legacy: it was widely imitated in Roman tombs and temples. Its influence is also found in many other places.
Out of all the Pan-Hellenic shrines is all of Classical Greece, perhaps the most prominent and well-known shrine is Delphi. This religious site attracted Greeks, Romans, Europeans, as well as others to the Gulf of Corinth for one reason, the oracle. They came from all over the world to have their questions heard by the gods as well as receive an answer from them. Matters as personal as, whether or not the child being carried is the questioner’s. To large political issues, such as whether to invade a country or not.
In the middle, it had a repetitive pattern of floral shapes going in an outward spiral. Another common element I found was that there was gold engraved on around half of the displays. I saw a lot of deities and divine beings crafted in pure gold, and sarcophaguses lined with gold strips as well. One display I really liked was a ceremonial sword, which was made during the Ottoman period by Ahmed Tekelu. Called the ‘yatagan’ in Turkish, the hilt of the sword features a gold dragon and phoenix in combat with rubies for their eyes, which I found extremely appealing.
Nonetheless, the combination of these two elements made these pieces potent enough to shape the beliefs of millions. The oldest piece in this exhibition is the Bull Lyre, which possibly dates from 2500 to 2400 BCE.As it was recovered from a royal tomb in Ur (present day Iraq), the Penn Museum in Philadelphia restored parts of this musical instrument. This piece derived from the artisans of Ur, who skillfully used gold, silver, lapis
They believed that every human being was composed of physical and spiritual parts or aspects. In addition to the body, each person had a shadow, a personality or soul, a life-force, and a name. They worshiped many gods inside of cult temples that were held by priests. These two cultures religions were very alike, but yet very different. The Egyptian pyramids, One of the great wonders of the world, these architectural wonders is one of the many things the Egyptian's are famous for.
Africa to 1500 Diversity and Development Axum (Aksum)- Important trading nation of northeast Africa, existing from 100-940 AD. Grew during the iron age and was a major factor in the exchange of commerce between the Roman empire and ancient India. Ghana- Bordered by present day Mauritania, Mali and Senegal, the landscape of medieval Ghana was abundant in natural resources (ex: gold). As a result of this; this region of western Africa was able to experience years of prosperous trade, establishing and sustaining a very wealthy empire. Mali- Renowned for the wealth of its rulers, ancient Mali covered a large area and consisted of numerous vassal kingdoms and provinces.